Čelinac

This article will address the issue of Čelinac, which has gained great relevance in recent times. From its origins to its current impact on society, its evolution and influence in different areas will be examined. Čelinac has captured the attention of experts and the general public, generating debates and reflections on its importance and impact. Through a comprehensive analysis, different perspectives will be explored and a comprehensive view of Čelinac will be offered, with the aim of providing a deeper understanding of this topic.
Čelinac
Челинац
View on Čelinac
View on Čelinac
Flag of Čelinac
Coat of arms of Čelinac
Location of Čelinac within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Čelinac within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Čelinac
Coordinates: 44°43′30″N 17°19′48″E / 44.72500°N 17.33000°E / 44.72500; 17.33000
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Municipal mayorVlado Gligorić (SNSD)
Area
 • Total361.81 km2 (139.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total15,548
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code051
Websitewww.opstina-celinac.com
Čelinac municipality by population proportional to the settlement with the highest and lowest population

Čelinac (Serbian Cyrillic: Челинац) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the municipality has a population of 15,548 inhabitants, while the town of Čelinac has a population of 5,097 inhabitants.

Geography

It is located along the Jošavka and Vrbanja rivers, between the municipalities of Laktaši and Prnjavor to the north, Teslić to the east, Kotor Varoš and Kneževo (formerly known as Skender Vakuf) to the south, and Banja Luka to the west.

History

War in Yugoslavia

The main initiator and leader of the persecution of the non-Serb population in the valley of the Vrbanja river and Bosanska Krajina, including Čelinac, was a member of the SDSRadoslav Brđanin, a native of the nearby village of Popovac.

Brđanin was a leading political figure in the Autonomous Region of Krajina (ARK). During The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1990s, he was in key positions at the municipal, regional and "republic" level. Among other things, he was the first vice president of the Assembly of the ARK, president of the ARK Crisis Staff and later as acting vice minister of production, minister of construction, traffic and utilities and acting deputy prime minister of Republika Srpska (RS). The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) condemned him for various crimes to 30 years in prison.

During the War in Bosnia, along with other generally known reprisals, the local authorities had introduced restrictions for Bosniaks and Croats, i.e. the non-Serb population. In addition to those who had experienced this, among other things, bears witness to the indictment against Radovan Karadžić before the Tribunal in The Hague. At the hearing in 2013, a witness, in response to Nikola Poplašen, stated:

"Since he stated that there was no ethnic discrimination in the Republika Srpska, the prosecutor presented the decision of the Čelinac municipality authorities from July 23, 1992, in which Croats and Muslims are prohibited from going out into the street from 4 p.m. till 6 a.m., bathing in the river, fishing, gathering in larger groups, and the only thing they are expressly allowed to do is - leave. And this only on the condition that the entire household leaves the municipality. According to Poplašen, with these restrictions, the municipal authorities wanted to "protect" the population and "save people's heads".

Settlements

Aside from the town of Čelinac, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics

TheVrbanja river
The town assembly
The Community Health centre
A Church in Jošavka Donja
The Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Archangel Gabriel
Monument dedicated to the fighters of Republika Srpska

Population

Population of settlements – Čelinac municipality
Settlement 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 17,430 18,354 18,713 15,117
1 Balte 234 141
2 Basići 237 27
3 Branešci Gornji 645 375
4 Branešci Donji 779 555
5 Brezičani 517 393
6 Vijačani Gornji 544 362
7 Grabovac 648 568
8 Dubrava Nova 13 24
9 Dubrava Stara 771 614
10 Jošavka Gornja 563 441
11 Jošavlka Donja 957 746
12 Kablovi 294 118
13 Kamenica 28 38
14 Lađevci 527 303
15 Lipovac 308 119
16 Markovac 167 161
17 Memići 218 118
18 Mehovci 266 7
19 Miloševo 359 322
20 Opsječko 950 1,180
21 Popovac 306 144
22 Skatavica 149 70
23 Crni Vrh 756 520
24 Čelinac 1,321 3,136 4,857 5,097
25 Čelinac Gornji 513 514
26 Šahinovići 170 104
27 Šnjegotina Velika 836 534
28 Šnjegotina Donja 572 326
29 Šnjegotina Srednja 922 583
30 Štrbe 605 613

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Čelinac town
Nationality 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 5.097 (100%) 4.857 (100%) 3.136 (100%) 1.321 (100%)
Serbs 3.450 (71,0%) 1.798 (57,3%) 569 (43,1%)
Bosniaks 1.005 (20,7%) 817 (26,1%) 694 (52,5%)
Croats 51 (1,1%) 57 (1,8%) 32 (2,4%)
Yugoslavs 234 (4,8%) 402 (12,8%) 7 (0,5%)
Others 117 (2,4%) 62 (2,0%) 19 (1,4%)
Ethnic composition – Čelinac municipality
Nationality 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 15.117 (100%) 18.713 (100%) 18.354 (100%) 17.430 (100%)
Serbs 14.508 (96,0%) 16.554 (88,5%) 15.832 (86,3%) 15.880 (91,1%)
Bosniaks 395 (2,6%) 1.446 (7,7%) 1.232 (6,7%) 1.209 (6,9%)
Croats 48 (0,3%) 76 (0,4%) 86 (0,5%) 90 (0,5%)
Yugoslavs 377 (2,0%) 885 (4,8%) 14 (0,1%)
Others 166 (1,1%) 260 (1,4%) 319 (1,7%) 237 (1,4%)

Economy

The following table gives a preview of the total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):

Professional field Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 94
Mining and quarrying -
Manufacturing 1,123
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 49
Distribution of water and water waste management 25
Construction 85
Wholesale and retail, repair 534
Transportation and storage 175
Hotels and restaurants 105
Information and communication 12
Finance and insurance 18
Real estate activities 2
Professional, scientific and technical activities 43
Administrative and support services 76
Public administration and defence 132
Education 253
Healthcare and social work 91
Art, entertainment and recreation 12
Other service activities 42
Total 2,871

See also

Notable people

References

  1. ^ http://www.nacional.hr/clanak/33106/smanjena-kazna-bivsem-potpredsjedniku-vlade-bosanskih-srba%7C[permanent dead link] publisher=Nacional| title=Smanjena kazna bivšem potpredsjedniku vlade bosanskih Srba.
  2. ^ "DA LI JE KARADŽIĆ BIO "NASILAN" ILI "VIOLENTAN"? - SENSE Agency - Vest". www.sense-agency.com. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External links