Šipovo

In the following article, we will explore the fascinating world of Šipovo. From its impact on society to its multiple applications in different areas, Šipovo has captured the attention of people of all ages and interests. We will delve into its history, analyze its relevance today, and discuss possible future prospects. Additionally, we will closely examine the benefits and challenges that Šipovo presents, offering a complete and balanced view of this exciting topic. Join us on this journey to discover everything Šipovo has to offer.
Šipovo
Шипово
Šipovo
Šipovo
Coat of arms of Šipovo
Location of Šipovo within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Šipovo within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Šipovo
Coordinates: 44°28′N 17°08′E / 44.467°N 17.133°E / 44.467; 17.133
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Geographical regionBosanska Krajina
Government
 • Municipal mayorMilan Kovač (SNSD)
Area
 • Total553.41 km2 (213.67 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total10,293
 • Density19/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code50

Šipovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Шипово) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the southern part of the Bosanska Krajina region. As of 2013, it has a population of 10,293 inhabitants, while the town of Šipovo has a population of 4,052 inhabitants.

The municipality covers an area of 510 km2 (197 sq mi), much of which is forested.

History

Medieval fortress Soko grad
The river in the city and monument to national hero of Yugoslavia Simo Šolaja who was born in the town
Protected area Pliva, Janj with Janjske Otoke reserve
Glogovac monastery, founded in the 14th century

The Glogovac monastery of the Serbian Orthodox Church is near the town.

Geography

It is located between the municipalities of Mrkonjić Grad to the west, Jezero to the north, Jajce and Donji Vakuf to the east, and Kupres (Republike Srpske) and Glamoč to the south.

In the broader geographical sense, the town of Šipovo is located at 44°28’ north and 17°08’ east, having a moderate continental climate.

In the narrower geographical sense, Šipovo is located in southeastern part of Republika Srpska, with the total area of 510 km2 (197 sq mi), and with a population of 11,000. The population consists of 95% Serbs and 5% Bosniaks.

Šipovo is a mountainous area, intersected to the east and west by the Pliva River, whose length is about 30 kilometres of the air line, and to the north and south by the Janj River, whose length is about 35 kilometres. Besides these two rivers, the Šipovo area is also intersected by three small rivers – Sokočnica, Lubovica and Volarica. The area around the mouth of the Janj and Pliva Rivers is both plain and hilly, with the height of around 440 metres above sea level. It gradually slopes up to become a mountain area whose highest mountains are Vitorog (1906 m) in the south, Lisina (1335 m) in the north, Gorica (1267 m) in the east, and Čardak (1452 m) in the west.

The town lies in the northern part of the municipality, in the basin of the aforementioned rivers. 60% of the population of Šipovo lives in the town. In terms of traffic, two important roads stretch across Šipovo along the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj: Banjaluka-Šipovo-Kupres and Jezero-Šipovo-Glamoč. The topography of the area of Šipovo consists of the following landscape constituents:

  1. the mountain massifs (Vitorog, Plazenica, Ravna Gora, Gorica, Lisina, and Čardak);
  2. the plateaus (natpoljsko-čuklićka, podobzirsko-pribeljačka, and strojičko-podovska);
  3. the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj

Geological formation

The forming of the ground (the pedologic composition of it) and its physical and chemical characteristics are dominantly influenced by the topography, geologic base, climate, and vegetation. Given the aforementioned facts, there are three typical types of grounds in the area: the valley ground, the hill ground, and the mountain ground. In the region of Šipovo, there are the following types of soil: podzoli, smeđa, and to some extent muck (černozem), and flotsam in the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj. The diversity of the soil and other elements (like the climate regime and height above sea level) have influenced the diversity of flora and fauna in the region. In the lowest parts, there are deciduous trees (beech and hornbeam), and in the higher parts, there are evergreen trees (spruce, fir, and pine).

Vaganj cave and valley

The topography of the Šipovo region is mostly formed from sedimentary limestones and dolomite. The areas with limestones are intersected by numerous tectonic fissures on which many forms of valleys were formed, such as the Vaganj, depressions, inlets, pits, and caves. The most famous cave being the Vaganj Cave (Bosnian: Vaganjska pećina, Serbian: Вагањска пећина), 990 metres above sea level, decorated with countless stalactites and stalagmites.

Climate

In the geomorphologic sense, Šipovo is a mountainous region whose average height is 800 metres above sea level. In the global climatic sense, Šipovo lies in the moderate continental zone, with certain differences due to variations in altitude, as well as topographic and vegetational elements. Air temperature is the basic climatic element. The average annual temperature is 10˚C, the average summer temperature is 20˚C, and the average winter temperature is around 0˚C. The average annual insolation is 1800 hours, which is five hours per day. The average annual humidity is around 85%. Precipitation is also a very important climatic element. The average amount of annual precipitation is 990 mm. The average number of snowy days is 120, whereas the vegetational period lasts for about 250 days. There are a lot of foggy days in Šipovo. Winds are very often in the southern part of the area (Janjska visoravan) due to the intermixing of the Mediterranean and continental air masses over Janj.

Forestry and agriculture

Owing to all these diversities, the inhabitants of the area are given the possibility to engage in various fields of agriculture (farming, fruit growing, cattle breeding, fishing, and apiculture), tourism and so on. Forty-eight percent (223.99 km²) of the Šipovo region is covered with forests, thirty-three percent (154.8 km²) with meadows and pastures, fourteen percent (66.03 km²) with fields and orchards, and four percent (17.38 km²) with uncultivated land.

Demographics

Population

Population of settlements – Šipovo municipality
Settlement 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 18,035 16,154 15,751 10,293
1 Čifluk 680 682
2 Donji Mujdžići 169 200
3 Lužine 458 336
4 Pribeljci 617 202
5 Sarići 675 1,321
6 Šipovo 1,333 3,539 5,170 4,052
7 Todorići 323 217
8 Volari 576 240
9 Vražić 340 282

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Šipovo town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 4,052 (100,0%) 5,170 (100,0%) 3,539 (100,0%) 1,333 (100,0%)
Serbs 3,828 (74,04%) 2,211 (62,48%) 659 (49,44%)
Bosniaks 1,155 (22,34%) 1,026 (28,99%) 621 (46,59%)
Yugoslavs 117 (2,263%) 239 (6,753%) 3 (0,225%)
Others 56 (1,083%) 10 (0,283%) 1 (0,075%)
Croats 14 (0,271%) 16 (0,452%) 24 (1,800%)
Montenegrins 15 (0,424%) 11 (0,825%)
Albanians 14 (0,396%) 13 (0,975%)
Macedonians 6 (0,170%)
Slovenes 1 (0,028%) 1 (0,075%)
Hungarians 1 (0,028%)
Ethnic composition – Šipovo municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 10,293 (100,0%) 15,579 (100,0%) 16,154 (100,0%) 18,035 (100,0%)
Serbs 9,576 (93,03%) 12,333 (79,16%) 12,844 (79,51%) 14,970 (83,01%)
Bosniaks 628 (6,101%) 2,965 (19,03%) 2,831 (17,53%) 2,952 (16,37%)
Others 63 (0,612%) 95 (0,610%) 68 (0,421%) 37 (0,205%)
Croats 26 (0,253%) 31 (0,199%) 25 (0,155%) 35 (0,194%)
Yugoslavs 155 (0,995%) 339 (2,099%) 9 (0,050%)
Montenegrins 23 (0,142%) 17 (0,094%)
Albanians 15 (0,093%) 13 (0,072%)
Macedonians 6 (0,037%) 1 (0,006%)
Slovenes 2 (0,012%) 1 (0,006%)
Hungarians 1 (0,006%)

See also

References

  1. ^ "About". eparhijabihackopetrovacka.org.

External links