Bosansko Grahovo

Today, Bosansko Grahovo is a topic that generates great interest and debate in society. Over the years, Bosansko Grahovo has been a meeting point for different opinions and positions, which has given rise to a wide range of perspectives on this topic. From its origins to the present, Bosansko Grahovo has been the subject of study and analysis in different areas, which has contributed to enriching the knowledge and understanding of this phenomenon. In this article, we are going to explore different aspects and approaches of Bosansko Grahovo, with the aim of offering a complete and objective view on this topic.
Bosansko Grahovo
Босанско Грахово
Skyline of Bosansko Grahovo
Bosansko Grahovo
Location of Bosansko Grahovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Bosansko Grahovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosansko Grahovo
Location of Bosansko Grahovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°10′46″N 16°21′52″E / 44.17944°N 16.36444°E / 44.17944; 16.36444
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
CantonCanton 10
MunicipalityBosansko Grahovo
Area
 • Total12.01 km2 (4.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total651
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
DemonymGrahovian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Area code+387 34
Websitewww.bosanskograhovo.ba
A Serbian Orthodox Church in the town

Bosansko Grahovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Босанско Грахово) is a town and the seat of the Municipality of Bosansko Grahovo in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in western Bosnia and Herzegovina along the border with Croatia.

History

From 1929 to 1941, Bosansko Grahovo was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

World War II

During World War II, from 1941 to 1945, Bosansko Grahovo was a part of the Axis puppet state the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). Administratively, it belonged to the Grand Parish of Krbava and Psat, established on 16 June 1941. The seat of the Parish was in Bihać. The Kotar of Bosansko Grahovo included the town of Bosansko Grahovo, Crni Lug, Drvar and Trubar. On 1 January 1942, the Kotar of Bosansko Grahovo was transferred to the Grand Parish of Bribir and Sidraga.

In the Drvar uprising Grahovo was captured by the Serb rebels commanded by Branko Bogunović. Bogunović joined the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland and in September 1941 he was appointed as commander of the Chetnik Regiment "Gavrilo Princip" from Grahovo. One hundred Croat civilians were murdered by the Chetniks during the Bosansko Grahovo massacre.

Bosnian War

During the Bosnian War, the town was held by Bosnian Serb forces. The Croatian Army captured the city in July 1995, during Operation Summer '95. The offensive displaced a large number of Serb refugees. After the war, the Serb civilians returned, and today they constitute the majority of the population in the municipality. However, nowadays the population is much smaller, having declined from 9,000 to about 2,500.

Demographics

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition
2013 1991 1981 1971 1961
Total 651 (100.0%) 2,096 (100.0%) 1,602 (100.0%) 1,229 (100.0%) 696 (100.0%)
Serbs 600 (92.17%) 1,999 (95.37%) 1,358 (84.77%) 1,167 (94.96%) 670 (96.26%)
Croats 45 (6.912%) 14 (0.668%) 26 (1.623%) 25 (2.034%) 14 (2.011%)
Others 6 (0.922%) 16 (0.763%) 3 (0.187%) 8 (0.651%) 3 (0.431%)
Yugoslavs 61 (2.910%) 193 (12.050%) 18 (1.465%) 4 (0.575%)
Muslims/Bosniaks 6 (0.286%) 4 (0.250%) 11 (0.895%)
Montenegrins 12 (0.749%) 5 (0.718%)
Albanians 6 (0.375%)

References

  1. ^ (Plećaš & Dimitrijević 2004, p. 267):"Устаници у западној Босни, под вођством Мане Роквића, заузели су Дрвар, а Брана Богуновић је са својима заузео Босанско Грахово"
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Russian and European Analysis (2002). Balkan Battlegrounds: A Military History of the Yugoslav Conflict, 1990–1995. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency. p. 366. ISBN 9780160664724. OCLC 50396958.
  3. ^ "Srbi u Grahovu ni pisma ne nose".

Sources

External links