FK Sloboda Tuzla

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Sloboda Tuzla
Club crest
Full nameFudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla
Nickname(s)Crveno-crni (The Red-and-blacks)
Founded1919 (1919)
GroundStadion Tušanj
Capacity7,200
PresidentVacant
ManagerZlatan Nalić
LeaguePremier League BH
2023–24First League of FBiH, 1st of 16 (promoted)
WebsiteClub website

Fudbalski klub Sloboda Tuzla (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: Фудбалски клуб Слободa Tyзла; English: Football Club Sloboda Tuzla) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The English translation of the team's name is Football Club Freedom Tuzla.

The club is a member of the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has been mostly active in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The club had a two-year stint of playing in the First League of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina after it got relegated to it in the 2011–12 Premier League season.

Sloboda got promoted back up to the Premier League in the 2013–14 First League of FBiH season. At the end of the 2022–23 Premier League season, the club got relegated to the First League of FBiH, but was promoted in the 2023–24 First League of FBiH season.

History

Foundation

FK Sloboda Tuzla was founded in 1919, as a part of the Labour Sport Society Gorki, named after the great socialist Russian poet Maxim Gorky. The football club and the labour society was popular in a wide part of the sporting public in Tuzla and beyond. The club was formed on the initiative of the Tuzla branch of the newly formed Communist party of Yugoslavia, under the influence of the ideas of the October Revolution of 1917 and revolutionary movements in Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as its integral part.[citation needed]

After the initial congress of unification and the creation of the Socialist Labour Party (Communists) in Yugoslavia that took place in Vukovar, Croatia in 1919, the first conference of the Tuzla municipal organisation of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia took place on 17 October 1919 in Tuzla. The elected party council decided on the same day to start with the formation of a worker's sporting society. The official founding of the club took place in the end of October 1919, and gathering was led by Jovo Sretenović, Mato Vidović, Safet Hadžiefendić, Ljubko Simić, Niko Trifković and Petar Dugonjić.

The men elected into the first Board of directors of the club were: Leonard Bancher, Mato Vidović, Niko Trifković, Stjepan Brkljačić and Alfred Puhta, Mijo Cuvaj and Ahmed Mandžić, Franto Bauzek (locksmith), Emil Kranjčec, Jakov Čurić and Petar Dugonjić, Franjo Miškovski, Safet Hadžiefendić, August Mot and Karlo Schwartz. The origin of the original name of the sporting society, Gorki, was explained by Petar Dugonjić:

When the final preparations for the organising meeting were being dealt with, it was suggested that the club be named Sokolović, after Mićo Sokolović, a known worker's rights activist. Then Mitar Trifunović Učo noticed: "People, few will know that we named the Club after our Mića. Most will think of Mehmed-paša Sokolović". The practical Franjo Rezač insisted we go to the meeting with a concrete name suggestion. Mitar Trifunović then said: "If no one objects, I would suggest the club bears the name of Maxim Gorky". I remember it well. Afterwards the name was accepted with enthusiasm at the meeting.

The first headquarters of the club was in Rudarska Street in Tuzla, not far from where Skver is today. Afterwards the headquarters moved to the building of the Jewish Bank, then to the Grand Hotel and then back to Rudarska Street. The games were played on two fields – the first one was called the Communist playground between what today are the Chemical and Mechanical high-schools and the second one was the field where the Braća Ribar primary schools stands.[citation needed]

All the players were workers, and the Gorki first team had the following players: Mirko Veseli, Peri Mot, Karlo Krejči, Santo Altarac, Ivica Šifer, Franto Bauzek, Mijo Josić, Lorenc Ajhberger, Vili Zaboš, Slavko Zafani, Ahmed Mandžić, Alfred Puhta, Jozo Vikić, Malaga Mustačević, Dragoslav Stakić and several others. The coach was Brato Gamberger, former player of HŠK Zrinjski.

The club mostly played against other Tuzla football clubs. Namely, at the time of the formation of FK Gorki there were three other football clubs in Tuzla, Zrinjski, Obilić and Makabi, based around the Croatian, Serbian and Jewish population of Tuzla. In 1921 the Bosniak club Bura was also formed. Unlike these ethno-confessional clubs, FK Gorki was multiethnic and multicultural and accepted members of all faiths and ethnicities.[citation needed]

It is important to note that the official ground of Tuzla in this period was the field of HŠK Zrinjski built in 1928 on the road to Solina from Brčanska Malta with the help of Kalman Liska, a wood merchant and president of HŠK Zrinjski.[citation needed]

Panoramic view of the stadium

FK Sloboda

In 1924, because of the country-wide ban of communist activities, FK Gorki was banned by the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under the orders of the infamous Obznana. There was an attempt to form another worker's club, called Hajduk, but this was also banned in 1924.[citation needed]

Foundation and activity between 1927 and 1941

Thanks to the perseverance of labour activists, on 20 November 1927 the Labour-cultural and sporting society Sloboda (Bosnian: Radničko-kulturno sportsko društvo Sloboda) was formed in Tuzla. The society initially had four sections: Sports, Tamburica, Choir and Amateur theatre. The first team of the sports section was: Karlo Mot, Nikola Kemenc, Suljo Nezirović, Alfred Puhta, Safet and Ešo Isabegović, Oto and Ivica Milinović, Josip Leder and Muho Mujezinović, Karlo Schwartz, Vlado Mileusnić, Jozo Kemenc, Rihard Žlebnik, Mujo Begić and many others.

In the beginning of 1928, the sports section becomes independent and renames itself to RSK Sloboda. Although officially under the influence of social-democrats, communists continue to have a substantial influence in the club, hence it is a continuation of the formerly banned FK Gorki. That is the reason the year of foundation is always considered to be 1919, the year when Gorki was formed and not 1928. The first game played by the new club was against FK Solvaj from Lukavac. Because of the discontinuation of several other Tuzla football clubs, like Obilić nad Bura, many players transferred to Sloboda and in 1928 it had a formidable team that consisted of the following players: Asim Mulaosmanović, Muho Mujeznović, Dejan Vujasinović, Mujko Mešković, Meša Selimović, Abdurahman Mujezinović Smrt, Vlado Mileusnić, Karlo Mot, Ivan Majer and others. It is a very interesting fact that Mehmed Meša Selimović, one of the greatest Bosniak writers of all time, played in Sloboda at this period.[citation needed]

Re-foundation in SFRY and rise to the top 1945–1992

A 1961–62 Yugoslav Second League season match between match between Maribor and Sloboda on 3 December 1961.

FK Sloboda is a club with very rich history in former Yugoslavia giving many star players such as Mesud Nalić, Omer Jusić, Rizah Mešković, Mersed Kovačević, Fuad Mulahasanović, Ismet Hadžić, Dževad Šećerbegović, Mustafa Hukić, Midhat Memišević as well as young players members of U-20 national team such as Isanović, Ćulumarević, Milošević, Hajrulahović, Jogunčić.

During the time of former Yugoslavia, FK Sloboda was active in the Yugoslav First League and the team had much success, despite never winning the title. The best result was achieved in 1977 when FK Sloboda has qualified for the UEFA cup 1977–78. Unfortunately, Las Palmas from Spain was stronger, 5–0 in Spain for Las Palmas and 4–3 for FK Sloboda in Tuzla.

Bosnian First League 1993–2000

In 1991 Sloboda was to be relegated from 1st Yugoslav league, but after Croatian and Slovenian teams left Yugoslav 1st league Sloboda was there for season 1992 but left league with Željezničar, Sarajevo and Velež after breakout of war. Until 2000 Sloboda played First League of NFSBiH, after 2000 Sloboda played Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Season 1994–1995 was first season of Bosnian First League, Sloboda won Tuzla Group but lost in First Play-off Round from Bosna Visoko, and reached finals of National Cup, but lost to Čelik Zenica.

Next season saw Sloboda winning third place in League, top scorer was Nedim Omerović with 17 goals, same thing happens again in Cup, losing to Čelik.

In season 1996–1997 Sloboda declined and ended up tenth in First League. In Season 1997–1998 Sloboda missed Championship Playoff with Croat teams by 3 points.

Season 1998–1999 was turbulent one, by the end of first half of championship Sloboda was in relegation zone, on winter Mustafa Hukić took club over and made great success by reaching fifth place.

Season 1999–2000 started with huge expectations, fans expected great things, but on 7 August manager of Sloboda Mustafa Hukić died in car crash, and Sloboda ended up in 7th place and runner up in 3 team finals of National Cup.

Number of great players played for team during these years such as Vedin Musić, Muhamed Konjić, Sakib Malkočević, Nedim Omerović.

Premier League, decline and relegation 2000–2012

First League of FBiH (2nd tier of Bosnian football), back in top flight 2014–2023

After 42 years, Sloboda got relegated from the top divisions (including both, Yugoslav and Bosnian football) to the First League of FBiH in the 2011–12 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina season. They came back after their 2nd season of being relegated. In their first season after getting back to the top tier (2014–15), Sloboda finished at 8th place, recording the 2nd best performance of the spring part of the season (8–4–3).

Sloboda was the league leader of the first part of the 2015–16 Bosnian Premier League season. Until March 2016, the team were on an 18-game unbeaten run in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina dating back to 18 November 2015. The club took 2nd league place that season, managing also to achieve the Bosnian Cup final which was lost by Radnik Bijeljina (11 May – Tuzla: 1–1, 18 May – Bijeljina: 0–3).

The season 2016–17 was followed by turbulence. The club's board changed when Azmir Husić decided to leave the chairman seat in September and was replaced with Senad Mujkanović. The club took 5th place in the league at the end. That season left the fans with memories on one of the best come backs when Sloboda hosted Zrinjski Mostar on 19 November 2016. Zrinski had 3–0 after 51 minutes, but the Tuzla-based team managed to tie the game in the end in only 18 minutes.

The 2017–18 league season was entire to forget when the club took 10th position, just one place above relegation zone. However, through the 2017–18 Bosnian Cup, under the guidance of then manager Slavko Petrović, Sloboda made it all the way to the semi-finals, losing 4–1 on aggregate to eventual winner, Željezničar.

On 29 March 2019, the club chairman, Senad Mujkanović left Sloboda and, Sead Kozlić was named for the new club's chairman. Not even seven months after Kozlić was named as the new chairman, on 15 October 2019, Kozlić decided to step down from the position, while on the next day, 16 October, Elmir Šećerbegović became the new FK Sloboda Tuzla club chairman.

Supporters

Home team supporters from Stadion Tušanj, which are known as Fukare Tuzla, were established in 1987. The name originated from Red-Black Killers in the early 1970s.

Rivalry

Sloboda's main rival is Tuzla City, the other team from the city of Tuzla. The first match was played on 11 August 2018, when Tuzla City was the host. Sloboda won that game 1–0. Tuzla City's first derby win came on 31 August 2019, which finished 2–1 in favor of the younger Tuzla club.

Honours

Domestic

League

Cups

European

European record

As of 7 July 2016
Competition Played Won Drew Lost GF GA GD Win%
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 4 1 1 2 4 9 −5 025.00
UEFA Intertoto Cup 8 2 2 4 7 12 −5 025.00
Total 12 3 3 6 11 21 −10 025.00

Legend: GF = Goals For. GA = Goals Against. GD = Goal Difference.

List of matches

Season Competition Round Club Home Away Agg.
1977–78 UEFA Cup 1R Spain Las Palmas 4–3 0–5 4–8
2003 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R Iceland KA Akureyri 1–1 1–1 2–2 (2–3 p)
2R Belgium Lierse 1–0 1–5 2–5
2004 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R Slovenia Celje 1–0 1–2 2–2 (a)
2R Slovakia Spartak Trnava 0–1 1–2 1–3
2016–17 UEFA Europa League 1Q Israel Beitar Jerusalem 0–0 0–1 0–1

Players

Current squad

As of 30 August 2023

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Azir Muminović
2 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Harun Hadžibeganović
3 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Jovan Novak
4 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Srđan Vulić
5 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Nermin Mujkić
6 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Haris Hasanović
7 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Sanjin Lelić
8 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Said Husejinović (captain)
9 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Haris Dilaver
10 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Kenan Delić
11 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Kenan Dervišagić
No. Pos. Nation Player
12 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Faruk Dalipagić
13 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Ardonis Mućaj
14 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Alen Kurtalić
15 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Muharem Čivić
16 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adin Kovačević
17 DF Serbia SRB Vuk Vukičević
18 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Osman Sejranić
18 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Ajdin Beganović
18 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Dino Kalesić
25 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Tarik Kapetanović (on loan from Sarajevo)

Players with multiple nationalities

Managerial history

Presidents

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Raos
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salko Bukvarević
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Enver Bijedić
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salih Šabović
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Davud Zahirović
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Mersad Kovačević
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Azmir Husić
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Senad Mujkanović
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Sead Kozlić
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Elmir Šećerbegović

References

  1. ^ a b c RSD Sloboda Tuzla 1919–1989, a monography commemorating 70 years of the club
  2. ^ N.K. (18 April 2018). "Željezničar protutnjao Tuzlom i zakazao finale Kupa BiH s Krupom" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Skupština razriješila Mujkanovića, Kozlić novi predsjednik Slobode" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 29 March 2019. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  4. ^ E. Čaušević (15 October 2019). "Sead Kozlić podnio neopozivu ostavku na mjestu predsjednika UO FK Sloboda" (in Bosnian). sportsport.ba. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  5. ^ R. Pašić (16 October 2019). "Izabran novi predsjednik UO FK Sloboda" (in Bosnian). sportsport.ba. Archived from the original on 23 July 2022. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Fukare Tuzla – najvjernija armija!". fksloboda.ba. 22 August 2015. Archived from the original on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  7. ^ E.B. (11 August 2018). "Sloboda sa igračem manje pobijedila Tuzla City u prvom tuzlanskom derbiju u historiji" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  8. ^ K.H. (31 August 2019). "FK Tuzla City pobijedio Slobodu i ostvario prvu pobjedu u historiji protiv gradskog rivala" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Archived from the original on 31 August 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Kup prvoligaša i Superkup". strategija.org (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  10. ^ "FK Sloboda Tuzla first team". fksloboda.ba (in Bosnian). Archived from the original on 20 May 2022. Retrieved 30 August 2023.

External links