Manchester City F.C.

In today's article we will explore Manchester City F.C., a topic that has captured the attention of experts and enthusiasts alike. For years, Manchester City F.C. has been the subject of debate and discussion in various fields, from politics to science, to popular culture. With the evolution of societies and the advancement of technology, Manchester City F.C. has acquired a relevant role in our daily lives, causing both fascination and controversy. Throughout this article, we will thoroughly examine the different facets of Manchester City F.C., addressing its origins, its impact on society, and prospects for the future.

Manchester City
A rounded badge depicting a shield containing a ship, the Lancashire Rose, and the three rivers of Manchester.
Full nameManchester City Football Club
Nickname(s)The Citizens (Cityzens)
The Blues
The Sky Blues
Short nameMan City
City
Founded1880 (1880) as St. Mark's (West Gorton)
GroundCity of Manchester Stadium
Capacity53,400
Coordinates53°29′00″N 2°12′01″W / 53.4832°N 2.2003°W / 53.4832; -2.2003
OwnerCity Football Group Limited
ChairmanKhaldoon Al Mubarak
ManagerPep Guardiola
LeaguePremier League
2023–24Premier League, 1st of 20 (champions)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Manchester City Football Club is a professional football club based in Manchester, England. The club competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football. Founded in 1880 as St. Mark's (West Gorton), they became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894. The club's home ground is the City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, to which they moved in 2003, having played at Maine Road since 1923. Manchester City adopted their sky blue home shirts in 1894, the first season with the current name. The club has won 10 league titles, seven FA Cups, eight League Cups, six FA Community Shields, one UEFA Champions League, one European Cup Winners' Cup, one UEFA Super Cup and one FIFA Club World Cup.

Manchester City joined the Football League in 1892, and won their first major honour, the FA Cup, in 1904. The club had its first major period of success in the late 1960s and early 1970s, winning the league title, FA Cup, League Cup, and European Cup Winners Cup under the management of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison. After losing the 1981 FA Cup final, Manchester City went through a period of decline, culminating in relegation to the third tier of English football for the only time in their history in 1998. They since regained promotion to the top tier in 2001–02 and have remained a fixture in the Premier League since 2002–03.

Manchester City received considerable financial investment both in playing staff and facilities following its takeover by Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan through the Abu Dhabi United Group in August 2008. This started a new era of unprecedented success, with the club winning the FA Cup in 2011 and the Premier League in 2012, both their first since the 1960s, followed by another league title in 2014. Under the management of Pep Guardiola, Manchester City won the Premier League in 2018, becoming the only team in the competition history to attain 100 points in a single season. In 2018–19, they won four trophies, completing an unprecedented sweep of all domestic titles in England and becoming the first English men's team to win the domestic treble. This was followed by four consecutive Premier League titles in 2020–21, 2021–22, 2022–23, and 2023–24, as well as the club's first-ever Champions League final in 2021, which they lost to Chelsea. The 2022–23 season saw Manchester City win their maiden European Cup and complete the continental treble in the process, becoming the second English club to do so. The club is ranked first in the UEFA coefficient standings as of 2023.

Manchester City was listed in the Deloitte Football Money League at the end of the 2022–23 season, making it the football club with the second highest revenue in the world, approximated at 825 million. In 2022, Forbes estimated the club was the sixth-most valuable in the world, worth $4.250 billion. Manchester City are owned by City Football Group Limited, a holding company valued at £3.73 ($4.8) billion in November 2019 and majority-owned by the Abu Dhabi United Group.

History

Early years and first trophies

Fifteen men posing across three rows. Eleven of the men are wearing a football kit with a Maltese Cross on the breast. The other four are wearing suits and top hats.
St. Marks (Gorton) in 1884 – the reason for the cross pattée on the shirts is now unknown.

City gained their first honours by winning the Second Division in 1899; with it came promotion to the highest level in English football, the First Division. They went on to claim their first major honour on 23 April 1904, beating Bolton Wanderers 1–0 at Crystal Palace to win the FA Cup; the Blues narrowly missed out on a League and Cup double that season after finishing runners-up in the league campaign, but they still became the first club in Manchester to win a major honour. In the seasons following the FA Cup triumph, the club was dogged by allegations of financial irregularities, culminating in the suspension of seventeen players in 1906, including captain Billy Meredith, who subsequently moved across town to Manchester United. A fire at Hyde Road destroyed the main stand in 1920, and in 1923 the club moved to their new purpose-built stadium at Maine Road in Moss Side.

A group of thirteen men, eleven in association football attire typical of the early twentieth century, and two in suits. A trophy sits in front of them.
The Manchester City team which won the FA Cup in 1903–04.

In the 1930s, Manchester City reached two consecutive FA Cup finals, losing to Everton in 1933, before claiming the Cup by beating Portsmouth in 1934. During the 1934 run, the club broke the record for the highest home attendance of any club in English football history, as 84,569 fans packed Maine Road for a sixth-round FA Cup tie against Stoke City – a record which stood until 2016. The club won the First Division title for the first time in 1937, but were relegated the following season, despite scoring more goals than any other team in the division. Twenty years later, a City team inspired by a tactical system known as the Revie Plan reached consecutive FA Cup finals again, in 1955 and 1956; just as in the 1930s, they lost the first one, to Newcastle United, and won the second. The 1956 final, in which the Blues defeated Birmingham City 3–1, saw City goalkeeper Bert Trautmann continuing to play on after unknowingly breaking his neck.

First golden era and subsequent decline

After being relegated to the Second Division in 1963, the future looked bleak with a record low home attendance of 8,015 against Swindon Town in January 1965. In the summer of 1965, the management team of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison was appointed. In the first season under Mercer, Manchester City won the Second Division title and made important signings in Mike Summerbee and Colin Bell. The 1965-66 season also saw City field a Black player for the first time when Stan Horne made his debut on 22 September 1965 in an away game against Leicester City. Two seasons later, in 1967–68, City claimed the league championship for the second time, beating their close neighbours Manchester United to the title on the final day of the season with a 4–3 victory at Newcastle United. Further trophies followed: City won the FA Cup in 1969 and a year later triumphed in the European Cup Winners' Cup, defeating Górnik Zabrze 2–1 in the 1970 final. This was the club's only European honour until their triumph in the 2022–23 UEFA Champions League. The Blues also won the League Cup that year, becoming the second English team to win a European trophy and a domestic trophy in the same season.

The club continued to challenge for honours throughout the 1970s, finishing one point behind the league champions on two occasions and reaching the final of the 1974 League Cup. One of the matches from this period that is most fondly remembered by supporters of Manchester City is the final match of the 1973–74 season against arch-rivals Manchester United, who needed to win to have any hope of avoiding relegation. Former United player Denis Law scored with a backheel to give City a 1–0 win at Old Trafford and confirm the relegation of their rivals. The final trophy of the club's most successful period of the 20th century was won in 1976, when Newcastle United were beaten 2–1 in the League Cup final.

Chart of yearly table positions of City in the Football League

A long period of decline followed the success of the 1960s and 1970s. Malcolm Allison rejoined the club to become manager for the second time in 1979, but squandered large sums of money on several unsuccessful signings, such as Steve Daley. A succession of managers then followed – seven in the 1980s alone. Under John Bond, City reached the 1981 FA Cup final but lost in a replay to Tottenham Hotspur. The club were twice relegated from the top flight in the 1980s (in 1983 and 1987), but returned to the top flight again in 1989 and finished fifth in 1991 and 1992 under the management of Peter Reid. However, this was only a temporary respite, and following Reid's departure Manchester City's fortunes continued to fade. City were co-founders of the Premier League upon its creation in 1992, but after finishing ninth in its first season they endured three years of struggle before being relegated in 1996. After two seasons in the First Division, City fell to the lowest point in their history, becoming the second ever European trophy winners to be relegated to their country's third-tier league after 1. FC Magdeburg of Germany.

Recovery and two takeovers

After relegation, the club underwent off-the-field upheaval, with new chairman David Bernstein introducing greater fiscal discipline. Under manager Joe Royle, City were promoted at the first attempt, achieved in dramatic fashion in the Second Division play-off final against Gillingham. A second successive promotion saw City return to the top division, but this proved to have been a step too far for the recovering club, and in 2001 City were relegated once more. Kevin Keegan replaced Royle as manager in the close season, and achieved an immediate return to the top division as the club won the 2001–02 First Division championship, breaking club records for the number of points gained and goals scored in a single season in the process. The 2002–03 season was the last at Maine Road and included a 3–1 derby victory over rivals Manchester United, ending a 13-year run without a derby win. Additionally, City qualified for European competition for the first time in 25 years via UEFA fair play ranking. In the close 2003–04 season, the club moved to the new City of Manchester Stadium. The first four seasons at the stadium all resulted in mid-table finishes. Former England manager Sven-Göran Eriksson became the club's first foreign manager when appointed in 2007. After a bright start, performances faded in the second half of the season, and Eriksson was sacked on 2 June 2008; he was replaced by Mark Hughes two days later.

By 2008, Manchester City were in a financially precarious position. Thaksin Shinawatra had taken control of the club the year before, but his political travails saw his assets frozen. Then, in August 2008, City were purchased by the Abu Dhabi United Group. The takeover was immediately followed by a flurry of bids for high-profile players; the club broke the British transfer record by signing Brazilian international Robinho from Real Madrid for £32.5 million. There was not a huge improvement in performance compared to the previous season despite the influx of money however, with the team finishing tenth, although they did well to reach the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup. During the summer of 2009, the club took transfer spending to an unprecedented level, with an outlay of over £100 million on players Gareth Barry, Roque Santa Cruz, Kolo Touré, Emmanuel Adebayor, Carlos Tevez, and Joleon Lescott. In December 2009, Mark Hughes – who had been hired shortly before the change in ownership but was originally retained by the new board – was replaced as manager by Roberto Mancini. City finished the season in fifth position in the Premier League, narrowly missing out on a place in the Champions League but qualifying for the UEFA Europa League.

Second golden era and arrival of Pep Guardiola

Continued investment in players followed in successive seasons, and results began to match the upturn in player quality. City reached the FA Cup final in 2011, their first major final in over 30 years, after defeating derby rivals Manchester United in the semi-finals, the first time they had knocked their rival out of a cup competition since 1975. The Blues defeated Stoke City 1–0 in the final, securing their fifth FA Cup and the club's first major trophy since winning the 1976 League Cup. On the last day of the 2010–11 season, City beat out Arsenal for the third place, thereby securing qualification directly into the Champions League group stage.

Manchester City supporters invade the pitch following their 2011–12 Premier League title victory.

Strong performances continued to follow in the 2011–12 season, including a 5–1 victory over Tottenham at White Hart Lane and a record-equalling 6–1 win over Manchester United at Old Trafford, but a poor run of form in the second half of the season left City in second place, eight points behind United with only six games left to play. At this point, United suffered their own loss of form, dropping eight points in the space of four games, while City began a run of successive wins which saw both teams level on points with two games to go. Despite the Blues only needing a home win against Queens Park Rangers, a team in the relegation zone, they fell 1–2 behind by the end of normal time. However, two goals in injury time – the second by Sergio Agüero in the fourth added minute – settled the title in City's favour, making them the first team to win the Premier League on goal difference alone.

The following season, City were unable to replicate the previous year's success. After finishing second in the league, eleven points behind Manchester United, and losing the FA Cup final 0–1 to relegated Wigan Athletic, Mancini was sacked. He was replaced by Chilean manager Manuel Pellegrini. In Pellegrini's first year in charge, City won the League Cup and regained the Premier League title on the last matchday of the season. The team's league form then slowly declined over the next couple of years, as the Blues finished second in 2014–15 and then dropped to fourth in 2015–16, although the 2015–16 season would see City win another League Cup title and reach the Champions League semi-finals for the first time.

Manchester City moved into their new complex at the Etihad Campus adjacent to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2014.

Pep Guardiola, former head coach of Barcelona and Bayern Munich, was confirmed to become Manchester City's new manager on 1 February 2016, with the announcement having been made several months before Manuel Pellegrini left his position. Guardiola's first season in Manchester would end trophyless, with the Blues placing third in the league standings, but the following season proved far more successful, as City won the Premier League title with the highest points total in history and broke numerous other club and English league records along the way.

This would prove to be the start of a period of unprecedented success for Manchester City under Guardiola. Between the 2017–18 and 2023–24 Premier League seasons, City won six out of possible seven league titles, only finishing second behind Liverpool in the 2019–20 season. Guardiola also guided the Blues to silverware in domestic cup competitions, highlighted by four consecutive League Cup triumphs in 2018–2021. During the 2018–19 season, City completed an unprecedented domestic treble of English men's titles. Apart from winning all three of the major English football tournaments, they also won the Community Shield, the first time any team has ever held all four of England's primary football trophies at the same time. On the continental stage, the club achieved breakthrough in 2020–21, reaching their first-ever Champions League final. In an all-English affair, City lost 0–1 to Chelsea at the Estádio do Dragão in Porto.

The Manchester City team, with mascots, about to face Southampton in the 2022–23 Premier League. From left to right on back row: Moonchester, Manuel Akanji, Nathan Aké, Ederson, Rodri, Rúben Dias, Phil Foden, Kevin De Bruyne, João Cancelo, Riyad Mahrez, Bernardo Silva, Erling Haaland, and Moonbeam.

The 2022–23 season turned out to be the greatest in the club's history, as Manchester City won their third consecutive Premier League title, the FA Cup final against rivals Manchester United, and their maiden Champions League title at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul against Inter Milan, thereby assembling a rare feat – the continental treble. The road to the Champions League victory included wins over European giants Bayern Munich, who were defeated 4–1 on aggregate, and Real Madrid, who suffered a 1–5 aggregate loss at the hands of City.

In the 2023–24 season City became the first English men's club to win four consecutive league titles.

Manchester City's era of sustained competitive excellence coincided with charges of breaching Financial Fair Play (FFP) regulations. In 2020, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruled that sanctions placed on the club by UEFA were not justified, overturning City's two-year European ban. In 2023, the Premier League announced its own investigation of the allegations levied against Manchester City, charging the club with 115 breaches of its FFP rules up to the 2017–18 season. In the summer of 2024, Manchester City initiated legal action against the Premier League. The club claims that the league's Associated Party Transaction rules are unlawful and are seeking damages from the league.

League history

L1 = Level 1 of the football league system; L2 = Level 2 of the football league system; L3 = Level 3 of the football league system.

Club badge and colours

Manchester City's stadium and shirt have been sponsored by Etihad Airways since 2009.

Manchester City's home colours are sky blue and white. Traditional away kit colours have been either maroon or (from the 1960s) red and black; however, in recent years several colours have been used. The origins of the club's home colours are unclear, but there is evidence that the club has worn blue since 1892 or earlier. A booklet entitled Famous Football Clubs – Manchester City published in the 1940s indicates that West Gorton (St. Marks) originally played in scarlet and black, and reports dating from 1884 describe the team wearing black jerseys bearing a white cross, showing the club's origins as a church side. The infrequent yet recurrent use of red and black away colours comes from former assistant manager Malcolm Allison's belief that adopting the colours of AC Milan would inspire City to glory. Allison's theory seemingly took effect, with City winning the 1969 FA Cup final, 1970 League Cup final, and 1970 Cup Winners' Cup final in red and black stripes as opposed to the club's home kit of sky blue.

City had previously worn three other badges on their shirts, prior to their current badge being implemented in 2016. The first, introduced in 1970, was based on designs which had been used on official club documentation since the mid-1960s. It consisted of a circular badge which used the same shield as the present badge (including a ship, based on the City of Manchester coat of arms), inside a circle bearing the name of the club. In 1972, this was replaced by a variation which replaced the lower half of the shield with the red rose of Lancashire. In 1976, a heraldic badge was granted by the College of Arms to the English Football League for use by City. The badge consisted of the familiar ship above a red rose but on a circular device instead of a shield (blazoned as "A roundel per fess azure and argent in chief a three masted ship sails set pennons flying or in base a rose gules barbed and seeded proper").

On occasions when Manchester City played in a major cup final, the club wore shirts bearing the City of Manchester coat of arms, as a symbol of pride in representing the city at a major event. This practice originated from a time when the players' shirts did not normally bear a badge of any kind. The club has since abandoned the practice; for the 2011 FA Cup final, its first in the 21st century, City used the usual badge with a special legend, but the Manchester coat of arms was included as a small monochrome logo in the numbers on the back of players' shirts.

A new club badge was adopted in 1997, as a result of the previous badge being ineligible for registration as a trademark. This badge was based on the arms of the city of Manchester, and consisted of a shield in front of a golden eagle. The eagle is an old heraldic symbol of the city of Manchester; a golden eagle was added to the city's badge in 1958 (but had since been removed), representing the growing aviation industry. The shield featured a ship on its upper half representing the Manchester Ship Canal, and three diagonal stripes in the lower half symbolised the city's three rivers – the Irwell, the Irk and the Medlock. The bottom of the badge bore the motto "Superbia in Proelio", which translates as "Pride in Battle" in Latin. Above the eagle and shield were the three stars, added for decorative purposes.

On 15 October 2015, following years of criticism from the fans over the design of the 1997 badge, the club announced they intended to carry out a fan consultation on whether to discontinue the current badge and institute a new design. After the consultation, the club announced in late November 2015 the badge would be replaced in due course by a new version which would be designed in the style of the older, circular variants. A design purporting to be the new badge was unintentionally leaked two days early prior to the official unveiling on 26 December 2015 by the IPO when the design was trademarked on 22 December. The new badge was officially unveiled at Manchester City's home match against Sunderland on 26 December.

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit supplier Shirt sponsor (chest) Shirt sponsor (sleeve)
1974–1982 Umbro No sponsor No sponsor
1982–1984 Saab
1984–1987 Philips
1987–1997 Brother
1997–1999 Kappa
1999–2002 Le Coq Sportif Eidos
2002–2003 First Advice
2003–2004 Reebok
2004–2007 Thomas Cook
2007–2009 Le Coq Sportif
2009–2013 Umbro Etihad Airways
2013–2017 Nike
2017–2019 Nexen Tire
2019–2023 Puma
2023–present OKX

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Announcement date Intended contract duration Value Notes
2007–2009
13 May 2007
2007–2011 (4 years) Around £2.5m per year Replaced by Umbro contract
2009–2013
4 June 2009
2009–2019 (10 years) Around £2.5m per year Umbro contract transferred to parent company Nike in 2013
2013–2019
4 May 2012
2013–2019 (6 years) Around £20m per year
2019–2029
28 February 2019
2019–2029 (10 years) Around £65m per year

Players

First-team squad

As of 30 June 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF England ENG Kyle Walker (captain)
3 DF Portugal POR Rúben Dias (3rd captain)
4 MF England ENG Kalvin Phillips
5 DF England ENG John Stones
6 DF Netherlands NED Nathan Aké
7 DF Portugal POR João Cancelo
8 MF Croatia CRO Mateo Kovačić
9 FW Norway NOR Erling Haaland
10 MF England ENG Jack Grealish
11 FW Belgium BEL Jérémy Doku
16 MF Spain ESP Rodri (4th captain)
17 MF Belgium BEL Kevin De Bruyne (vice-captain)
18 GK Germany GER Stefan Ortega
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW Argentina ARG Julián Álvarez
20 MF Portugal POR Bernardo Silva (5th captain)
24 DF Croatia CRO Joško Gvardiol
25 DF Switzerland SUI Manuel Akanji
27 MF Portugal POR Matheus Nunes
31 GK Brazil BRA Ederson
32 MF Argentina ARG Máximo Perrone
33 GK England ENG Scott Carson
47 MF England ENG Phil Foden
52 MF Norway NOR Oscar Bobb
82 DF England ENG Rico Lewis
87 MF England ENG James McAtee
97 DF England ENG Josh Wilson-Esbrand

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Argentina ARG Claudio Echeverri (at River Plate until 31 December 2024)

EDS and Academy

The following players have previously made appearances or have appeared on the substitutes bench for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
37 FW Brazil BRA Kayky
39 DF Brazil BRA Yan Couto
56 MF England ENG Jacob Wright
68 DF England ENG Max Alleyne
75 MF England ENG Nico O'Reilly
76 MF Spain ESP Mahamadou Susoho
No. Pos. Nation Player
79 DF England ENG Luke Mbete
88 GK England ENG True Grant
92 MF England ENG Micah Hamilton
93 MF Australia AUS Alex Robertson
94 DF England ENG Finley Burns
96 FW England ENG Ben Knight

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player

Retired numbers

Since 2003, Manchester City have not issued the squad number 23. It was retired in memory of Marc-Vivien Foé, who was on loan to the club from Lyon at the time of his death on the field of play while playing for Cameroon in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
23 MF Cameroon CMR Marc-Vivien Foé (2002–03) – posthumous honour)

Club captains

This is a list of City's official club captains, who are currently appointed via a vote of players and staff. Other players (vice-captains) have led the team on the pitch when the club captain is not playing or not available. Some players have been made captain on a one-off basis to celebrate or commemorate an event, e.g. Oleksandr Zinchenko captained the team in their 2021–22 FA Cup fifth round tie at Peterborough United in support of his country during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

 
Years Pos Captain
1904–1906 FW Wales Billy Meredith
1906–1914 FW Wales Lot Jones
1914–1919 No competitive football due to the First World War
1919–1923 DF England Eli Fletcher
1923–1925 DF England Max Woosnam
1926–1928 MF Scotland Charlie Pringle
1928–1932 MF Scotland Jimmy McMullan
1932–1935 DF England Sam Cowan
1935–1936 MF Scotland Matt Busby
1937–1939 MF Scotland Les McDowall
 
Years Pos Captain
1939–1946 No competitive football due to the Second World War
1946–1947 GK England Frank Swift
1947–1950 DF England Eric Westwood
1950–1957 DF Wales Roy Paul
1957–1961 MF England Ken Barnes
1961–1964 DF England Bill Leivers
1965–1967 FW Northern Ireland Johnny Crossan
1967–1974 DF England Tony Book
1974–1975 MF England Colin Bell
1975–1976 DF England Mike Doyle
 
Years Pos Captain
1976–1979 DF England David Watson
1979–1986 DF/MF England Paul Power
1986–1988 DF England Kenny Clements
1988–1992 DF England Steve Redmond
1992–1993 DF Republic of Ireland Terry Phelan
1993–1996 DF England Keith Curle
1996–1998 DF Wales Kit Symons
1998 MF England Jamie Pollock
1998–2000 DF Scotland Andy Morrison
2000–2001 DF/MF Norway Alfie Haaland
 
Years Pos Captain
2001–2002 DF England Stuart Pearce
2002–2003 MF Algeria Ali Benarbia
2003–2006 DF France Sylvain Distin
2006–2009 DF Republic of Ireland Richard Dunne
2009–2010 DF Ivory Coast Kolo Touré
2010–2011 FW Argentina Carlos Tevez
2011–2019 DF Belgium Vincent Kompany
2019–2020 MF Spain David Silva
2020–2022 MF Brazil Fernandinho
2022–2023 MF Germany İlkay Gündoğan
 
Years Pos Captain
2023–present DF England Kyle Walker

Player of the Year

Each season since the end of the 1966–67 season, the members of the Manchester City Official Supporters Club have voted by ballot to choose the player on the team they feel is the most worthy of recognition for his performances during that season. The following table lists the recipients of this award since 2000.

 
Year Winner
2000–01 Australia Danny Tiatto
2001–02 Algeria Ali Benarbia
2002–03 France Sylvain Distin
2003–04 England Shaun Wright-Phillips
2004–05 Republic of Ireland Richard Dunne
2005–06 Republic of Ireland Richard Dunne
2006–07 Republic of Ireland Richard Dunne
2007–08 Republic of Ireland Richard Dunne
2008–09 Republic of Ireland Stephen Ireland
2009–10 Argentina Carlos Tevez
 
Year Winner
2010–11 Belgium Vincent Kompany
2011–12 Argentina Sergio Agüero
2012–13 Argentina Pablo Zabaleta
2013–14 Ivory Coast Yaya Touré
2014–15 Argentina Sergio Agüero
2015–16 Belgium Kevin De Bruyne
2016–17 Spain David Silva
2017–18 Belgium Kevin De Bruyne
2018–19 Portugal Bernardo Silva
2019–20 Belgium Kevin De Bruyne
 
Year Winner
2020–21 Portugal Rúben Dias
2021–22 Belgium Kevin De Bruyne
2022–23 Norway Erling Haaland
2023–24 England Phil Foden

Sources:

Halls of Fame

Manchester City Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers have been inducted into the Manchester City F.C. Hall of Fame, and are listed according to the year of their induction:

National Football Museum Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers have been inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the National Football Museum Hall of Fame), and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:

Inductees at the NFM Hall of Fame
Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC
Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2002 Northern Ireland Peter Doherty inside left player 1936–1945
Scotland Denis Law, CBE forward & midfielder player 1960–1961
1973–1974
England Kevin Keegan, OBE forward manager 2001–2005
2003 Denmark Peter Schmeichel, MBE goalkeeper player 2002–2003
England Alan Ball, MBE attacking midfielder manager 1995–1996
2005 Germany Bert Trautmann, OBE goalkeeper player 1949–1964
England Colin Bell, MBE attacking midfielder player 1966–1979
2007 Wales Billy Meredith right winger player 1894–1906
1921–1924
England Peter Beardsley midfielder player 1998
Wales Mark Hughes forward manager 2008–2009
2009 England Frank Swift goalkeeper player 1933–1949
2010 England Francis Lee, CBE forward player 1967–1974
2013 England Mike Summerbee forward player 1965–1975
2014 England Trevor Francis centre forward player 1981–1982
France Patrick Vieira holding midfielder player
EDS manager
2010–2011
2011–2015
2015 England Stuart Pearce, MBE left back player
coach
manager
2001–2002
2002–2005
2005–2007
China Sun Jihai defender player 2002–2008
2016 England David Seaman MBE goalkeeper player 2003–2004
2017 England Frank Lampard OBE attacking midfielder player 2014–2015
2020 England Justin Fashanu centre forward player 1989
2023 Belgium Vincent Kompany defender player 2008–2019
Managers with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2002 Scotland Sir Matt Busby, CBE, KCSG inside right
& right half
player 1928–1936
2004 England Don Revie, OBE centre forward player 1951–1956
2005 England Howard Kendall attacking midfielder manager 1989–1990
2009 England Joe Mercer, OBE left half manager 1965–1971
England Malcolm Allison centre half assistant mgr.
manager
1965–1971
1971–1973
1979–1980
Manchester City "Football Foundation Community Champions" inducted to date
2007 Republic of Ireland Niall Quinn, (Honorary) MBE forward player 1990–1996
Manchester City teams inducted to date
2009 England Manchester City league- and European cup-winning team of 1967–1970 not applicable

Last updated: 21 July 2021.
Source: list of NFM Hall of Fame inductees

Premier League Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players have been inducted into the Premier League Hall of Fame. Inaugurated in 2020, but delayed for a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Hall of Fame is intended to recognise and honour players that have achieved great success and made a significant contribution to the league since its founding in 1992.

Inductees at the Premier League Hall of Fame
Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC
Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date
2021 England Frank Lampard, OBE attacking midfielder player 2014–2015
2022 France Patrick Vieira midfielder player
EDS manager
2010–2011
2011–2015
Denmark Peter Schmeichel goalkeeper player 2002–2003
Belgium Vincent Kompany defender player 2008–2019
Argentina Sergio Agüero striker player 2011–2021
2024 England Andrew Cole striker player 2005–2006

Last updated: 22 April 2024.
Source: list of PL Hall of Fame inductees

Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players and managers have been inducted into the Scottish Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame), and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:

Last updated: 30 March 2011.
Source: list of SFM Hall of Fame inductees

Welsh Sports Hall of Fame

The following former Manchester City players have been inducted into the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame, and are listed according to the year of their induction:

Non-playing staff

Chairman Khaldoon Al Mubarak

Executive

Position Name
Chairman United Arab Emirates Khaldoon Al Mubarak
Chief Executive Officer Spain Ferran Soriano
Director of Football Spain Txiki Begiristain
Club ambassadors England Mike Summerbee
Scotland Paul Dickov
England Micah Richards
Argentina Pablo Zabaleta
England Joleon Lescott
England Shaun Wright-Phillips

Coaching

Pep Guardiola has been the manager of the club since 2016.
Position Name
Manager Spain Pep Guardiola
Assistant managers Spain Carlos Vicens
Spain Juanma Lillo
Fitness coach Spain Lorenzo Buenaventura
Head of goalkeeping Spain Xabier Mancisidor
Goalkeeper coach England Richard Wright
Performance analysis coach Spain Carles Planchart
Head of player support Spain Manel Estiarte
Head of academy Germany Thomas Krucken
Under-23 EDS manager Republic of Ireland Brian Barry-Murphy
Under-23 EDS assistant manager England Craig Mudd
Under-23 GK coach Spain Imanol Egaña
Under-18 Academy manager England Ben Wilkinson
Under-18 Academy assistant manager England Jamie Carr
Under-18 Academy GK coach England Max Johnson
Chief scout Italy Carlo Cancellieri

Source:

Notable managers

Manchester City managers to have won major honours. Table correct as of 25 May 2024
Name From To Games Wins Draws Loss Win % Honours
1902 1906 150 89 22 39 059.33 1903–04 FA Cup
1932 1946 352 158 71 123 044.89 1933–34 FA Cup 1936–37 First Division
1950 1963 592 220 127 245 037.16 1955–56 FA Cup
1965 1971 340 149 94 97 043.82 1967–68 First Division
1968 FA Charity Shield
1968–69 FA Cup
1969–70 European Cup Winners' Cup
1969–70 League Cup
1973 1980 269 114 75 80 042.38 1975–76 League Cup
2009 2013 191 113 38 40 059.16 2010–11 FA Cup
2011–12 Premier League
2012 FA Community Shield
2013 2016 167 100 28 39 059.88 2013–14 League Cup
2013–14 Premier League
2015–16 League Cup
2016 incumbent 472 343 66 63 072.67 2017–18 League Cup
2017–18 Premier League
2018 FA Community Shield
2018–19 League Cup
2018–19 Premier League
2018–19 FA Cup
2019 FA Community Shield
2019–20 League Cup
2020–21 League Cup
2020–21 Premier League
2021–22 Premier League
2022–23 Premier League
2022–23 FA Cup
2022–23 UEFA Champions League
2023 UEFA Super Cup
2023 FIFA Club World Cup
2023–24 Premier League

Supporters

Since moving to the City of Manchester Stadium, the club's average attendances have been in the top six in England, usually in excess of 40,000. Even in the late 1990s, when City were relegated twice in three seasons and playing in the third tier of English football (then the Second Division, now the EFL League One), home attendances were in the region of 30,000, compared to an average of fewer than 8,000 for the division. Research carried out by Manchester City in 2005 estimated a fanbase of 886,000 in the United Kingdom and a total in excess of 2 million worldwide, although since the purchase of the club by Sheikh Mansour, and City's recent achievements, that figure has since ballooned to many times that size.

Manchester City's officially recognised supporters club is the Manchester City F.C. Supporters Club (1949), formed by a merger of two existing organisations in 2010: the Official Supporters Club (OSC) and the Centenary Supporters Association (CSA). City fans' song of choice is a rendition of "Blue Moon", which despite its melancholic theme is belted out with gusto as though it were a heroic anthem. City supporters tend to believe that unpredictability is an inherent trait of their team, and label unexpected results "typical City". Events that fans regard as "typical City" include the club being the only reigning English champions ever to be relegated (in 1938), the only team to score and concede over 100 goals in the same season (1957–58), or the more recent example where Manchester City were the only team to beat Chelsea in the latter's record-breaking 2004–05 Premier League season, yet in the same season City were knocked out of the FA Cup by Oldham Athletic, a team two divisions lower.

In the late 1980s, City fans started a craze of bringing inflatable objects to matches, primarily oversized bananas. One disputed explanation for the phenomenon is that in a match against West Bromwich Albion, chants from fans calling for the introduction of Imre Varadi as a substitute mutated into "Imre Banana". Terraces packed with inflatable-waving supporters became a frequent sight in the 1988–89 season, as the craze spread to other clubs (inflatable fish were seen at Grimsby Town), with the craze reaching its peak at City's match at Stoke City on 26 December 1988, a game declared by fanzines as a fancy dress party. In 2010, Manchester City supporters adopted an exuberant dance, dubbed The Poznań, from fans of Polish club Lech Poznań that they played in the Europa League. In 2022, Manchester City proposed the release of the Connected Scarf, that would contain a sensor tracking physiological and emotional data of the wearer, for supporters in 2023.

Rivalries

The Manchester derby in the Premier League, 6 November 2021

Manchester City's biggest rivalry is with neighbours Manchester United, against whom they contest the Manchester derby. Before the Second World War, when travel to away games was rare, many Mancunian football fans regularly watched both teams even if considering themselves "supporters" of only one. This practice continued into the early 1960s but as travel became easier, and the cost of entry to matches rose, watching both teams became unusual and the rivalry intensified. A common stereotype is that City fans come from Manchester proper, while United fans come from elsewhere. A 2002 report by a researcher at Manchester Metropolitan University found that while it was true that a higher proportion of City season ticket holders came from Manchester postcode areas (40% compared to United's 29%), there were more United season ticket holders, the lower percentage being due to United's higher overall number of season ticket holders (27,667 compared to City's 16,481). The report noted that since the compiling of data in 2001, the number of both City and United season ticket holders had risen; expansion of United's ground and City's move to the City of Manchester Stadium have caused season ticket sales to increase further.

Over the last few years, Manchester City has also developed a notable rivalry with Liverpool, currently considered one of the biggest in association football. Though the two clubs had been involved in a title race in the 1976–77 season, Liverpool and City's modern rivalry began in the 2010s, with the Blues beating Liverpool to the 2013–14 title by just two points on the final day of the season. In the final of the 2015–16 League Cup, City defeated Liverpool on penalties after a 1–1 draw. The two clubs met in European competition for the first time in the 2017–18 Champions League quarter-finals, where Liverpool won 5–1 on aggregate, ultimately reaching the final and then winning the competition a year later. In the 2018–19 season, City again won the title on the final day, with the Blues' 98 points and Liverpool's 97 being the third- and fourth-highest Premier League points totals ever. The following season, Liverpool clinched the title, recording 99 points (the second-highest Premier League total ever after Manchester City's 100 in 2017–18) to finish 18 points above runners-up City. The Blues then regained the title in 2020–21 and outgunned Liverpool in another closely-fought title race in 2021–22, to finish with 93 points to Liverpool's 92.

The success of the two teams in the 2010s and 2020s has led to the development of a rivalry between Jürgen Klopp and Pep Guardiola, the managers of Liverpool and Manchester City, with the two previously having been the respective managers of Der Klassiker rivals Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich in the Bundesliga. At the end of the 2018–19 season, Guardiola described his relationship with Klopp as a "beautiful rivalry" and called Klopp's Liverpool team "the strongest opponents I have faced in my career as a manager". In September 2019, Klopp hailed Guardiola for being his 'greatest rival ever', after both were nominated for the FIFA Men's Coach of the Year award in 2019, which Klopp ultimately won. In a 2019 survey, City fans answered that Liverpool, and not Manchester United, are the club's biggest rivals.

Manchester City also have long established local rivalries with Bolton Wanderers, Oldham Athletic, and Stockport County, and more recent competitive Premier League rivalries with Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea.

Ownership and finances

The holding company of Manchester City F.C., Manchester City Limited, is a private limited company, with approximately 54 million shares in issue. The club has been in private hands since 2007, when the major shareholders agreed to sell their holdings to UK Sports Investments Limited (UKSIL), a company controlled by former Thailand prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. UKSIL then made a formal offer to buy the shares held by several thousands of small shareholders.

Prior to the Thaksin takeover, the club was listed on the specialist independent equity market PLUS (formerly OFEX), where it had been listed since 1995. On 6 July 2007, having acquired 75% of the shares, Thaksin de-listed the club and re-registered it as a private company. By August, UKSIL had acquired over 90% of the shares and exercised its rights under the Companies Act to "squeeze out" the remaining shareholders, and acquire the entire shareholding. Thaksin Shinawatra became chairman of the club and two of Thaksin's children, Pintongta and Oak Chinnawat became directors. Former chairman John Wardle stayed on the board for a year, but resigned in July 2008 following Nike executive Garry Cook's appointment as executive chairman in May. The club made a pre-tax loss of £11m in the fiscal year ending 31 May 2007, the final year for which the club published accounts as a public company.

Thaksin's purchase prompted a period of transfer spending at the club, in total around £30 million, whereas over the several previous seasons Manchester City's net spending had been among the lowest in the Premier League. A year later, this investment was dwarfed by an influx of money derived from the club's takeover. On 1 September 2008, Abu Dhabi-based Abu Dhabi United Group Investment and Development Limited completed the takeover of Manchester City. The deal, worth a reported £200 million, was announced on the morning of 1 September. It sparked various transfer "deadline-day" rumours and bids such as the club's attempt to gazump Manchester United's protracted bid to sign Dimitar Berbatov from Tottenham Hotspur for a fee in excess of £30 million. Minutes before the transfer window closed, the club signed Robinho from Real Madrid for a British record transfer fee of £32.5 million. The wealth of the new owners meant that, in the summer of 2009, City were able to finance the purchase of experienced international players prior to the new season, spending more than any other club in the Premier League.

City Football Group

Created in the 2013–14 season to manage the global footballing interests of the Abu Dhabi United Group, City Football Group (CFG) is an umbrella corporation owning stakes in a network of global clubs for the purposes of resource sharing, academy networking and marketing.

CFG ownership

Clubs owned by CFG
Listed in order of acquisition/foundation.
Bold indicates the club was founded by CFG.
* indicates the club was acquired by CFG.
§ indicates the club is co-owned.
2008Manchester City F.C.*
2009–2012
2013New York City FC§
2014Melbourne City FC*
Yokohama F. Marinos*§
2015–2016
2017Montevideo City Torque*
Girona FC*§
2018
2019Shenzhen Peng City F.C.*§
Mumbai City FC*§
2020Lommel S.K.*
ES Troyes AC*
2021
2022Palermo F.C.*§
2023Bahia*§

Through City Football Group, Manchester City owns stakes in a number of clubs:

On 23 January 2014, it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the Australian rugby league franchise Melbourne Storm, purchasing a majority stake in A-League team Melbourne City FC. On 5 August 2015, CFG bought out the Storm and acquired full ownership of the team.
On 20 May 2014, it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the Japanese Automotive company Nissan to become a minority shareholder in Yokohama based J-League side, Yokohama F. Marinos.
On 21 May 2013, it was announced that Manchester City had partnered with the American baseball franchise the New York Yankees to introduce the 20th Major League Soccer expansion team, New York City FC as its majority shareholder. The club began play in the 2015 Major League Soccer season.
On 5 April 2017, CFG confirmed the purchase of Uruguayan second division team Montevideo City Torque.
On 23 August 2017, it was announced that CFG had acquired 44.3% of Segunda División (second tier) side Girona FC. Another 44.3% was held by the Girona Football Group, led by Pere Guardiola, brother of Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola.
On 20 February 2019, it was announced that CFG as well as UBTECH and China Sports Capital had acquired Sichuan Jiuniu F.C.
CFG was announced as majority stakeholder of Mumbai City FC on Thursday 28 November 2019 after acquiring 65% of the club. Mumbai City is the professional football club based in Mumbai, competing in the Indian Super League.
CFG was announced as a majority stakeholder of Lommel S.K. on Monday 11 May 2020, acquiring the majority (unspecified) of the club's shares. Lommel S.K. is a professional football club based in Lommel, competing in the Belgian First Division B (second tier).
On 3 September 2020, CFG announced that they had purchased the shares of Daniel Masoni, the former owner of Ligue 2 (second tier) club Troyes AC, making them the majority shareholder of the French club.
On 4 July 2022, Italian Serie B (second tier) club Palermo announced that CFG had acquired an 80% majority stake in their ownership.
On 3 December 2022, CFG acquired 90% of Campeonato Brasileiro Série A club Bahia. The deal was finalised on 4 May 2023.

Partner clubs

On 12 January 2021, CFG announced Bolivian club Club Bolívar as its first partner club.
On 18 February 2021, CFG announced that French Championnat National 2 (tier 4) club Vannes OC would be its second partner club.

Stadium

The City of Manchester Stadium – the home of Manchester City since 2003

The City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, known as the Etihad Stadium since 2011 for sponsorship reasons, is on a 200-year lease from Manchester City Council to Manchester City. It has been the club's home since the end of the 2002–03 season, when City moved from Maine Road. Before moving to the stadium, the club spent in excess of £30 million to convert it to football use: the pitch was lowered, adding another tier of seating around it, and a new North Stand was constructed. The inaugural match at the new stadium was a 2–1 win over Barcelona in a friendly match. A 7,000-seat third tier on the South Stand was completed in time for the start of the 2015–16 football season, increasing the stadium's capacity to 55,097. A North Stand third tier is in development, potentially increasing capacity to around 61,000.

After playing home matches at five stadiums between 1880 and 1887, the club settled at Hyde Road Football Stadium, its home for 36 years. A fire destroyed the Main Stand in 1920, and the club moved to the 84,000 capacity Maine Road three years later. Maine Road, nicknamed the "Wembley of the North" by its designers, hosted the largest-ever crowd at an English club ground when 84,569 attended an FA Cup tie against Stoke City on 3 March 1934. Though Maine Road was redeveloped several times over its 80-year lifespan, by 1995 its capacity was restricted to 32,000, prompting the search for a new ground which culminated in the move to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2003; it was renamed the Etihad Stadium in 2011.

Honours

Based on trophy count, Manchester City are one of the most successful teams in England – their thirty-five major domestic, european and worldwide honours rank them fourth on the list of most decorated sides in England, ahead of Chelsea with 34.

The club's first major trophy was the 1904 FA Cup, though they had previously won three regional Manchester Cups before that point. Their first top division league title came in the 1936–37 season, with the first Charity Shield won in the following August. City's first League Cup and European trophy both came at the end of the 1969–70 season, the two trophies also constituting the team's first double of any kind. In the 2018–19 season, City became the first team to claim all of the major English trophies available in a single season, winning not just the Premier League, FA Cup, and League Cup, but also the Community Shield.

The 1970 Cup Winners' Cup victory remained City's only European trophy until their triumph in the 2022–23 UEFA Champions League. They have reached the semi-finals of the Champions League four times overall, losing in 2016, then winning en route to their first-ever final in 2021, losing in 2022, and winning en route to their maiden European Cup title in 2023.

They are only the second English club to complete a Continental Treble, in the 2022–23 season; and in 2023–24 became the first English club to win four consecutive league titles.

Manchester City used to hold the record for most second division titles, having won the league on seven occasions. Man City's first victory was in 1898–99, and the most recent in 2001–02. The record was broken by Leicester City after they clinched their eighth title in 2023–24.

Domestic

Leagues

Cups

European

Worldwide

Doubles and Trebles

Three-peats

Club records

  • Record league victory – 11–3 vs Lincoln City (23 March 1895, most goals scored); 10–0 vs Darwen (18 February 1899, widest margin of victory)
  • Record FA Cup victory – 12–0 vs Liverpool Stanley (4 October 1890)
  • Record European victory – 7–0 vs Schalke 04, UEFA Champions League round of 16 second leg (12 March 2019); 7–0 vs RB Leipzig UEFA Champions League round of 16 second leg (14 March 2023)
  • Record league defeat – 0–8 vs Burton Wanderers (26 December 1894); 0–8 vs Wolverhampton Wanderers (23 December 1933); 1–9 vs Everton (3 September 1906); 2–10 vs Small Heath (17 March 1893)
  • Record FA Cup defeat – 0–6 vs Preston North End (30 January 1897); 2–8 vs Bradford Park Avenue (30 January 1946)
  • Record European defeat – 0–4 vs Barcelona, UEFA Champions League group stage (19 October 2016)
  • Highest home attendance – 84,569 vs Stoke City, FA Cup sixth round (3 March 1934)
  • Most league appearances – 561 + 3 sub, Alan Oakes, 1958–76
  • Most European appearances – 59 + 16 sub, Fernandinho, 2013–22
  • Most appearances overall – 676 + 4 sub, Alan Oakes, 1958–76
  • Most goals scored overall – 260, Sergio Agüero, 2011–21
  • Most goals scored in a season – 52, Erling Haaland, 2022–23
  • Record transfer fee paid – £100 million to Aston Villa for Jack Grealish, August 2021
  • Record transfer fee received – £54.8 million from Bayern Munich for Leroy Sané, July 2020

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Until 1992, the top division of English football was the Football League First Division; since then, it has been the FA Premier League. At the same time, the Second Division was renamed the First Division, and the Third Division was renamed the Second Division.
  2. ^ The following managers have all won at least one major trophy with Manchester City (totals include competitive matches only). Cup matches won or lost on penalties are classified as draws.
  3. ^ Pellegrini's drawn games include one cup match won on penalties.
  4. ^ Guardiola's drawn games include six cup matches won and three lost on penalties.
  5. ^ City also won the FA Community Shield that season, leading to some term the achievement as the quadruple, although this is incorrect, since the true quadruple includes the three major domestic competitions plus a major European title.
  6. ^ By winning the title in 2024, City effectively made it a four-peat.
  7. ^ By winning the title in 2021, City effectively made it a four-peat.
  8. ^ Remains the record home attendance in English football.

Bibliography

  • Buckley, Andy; Burgess, Richard (2000). Blue Moon Rising: The Fall and Rise of Manchester City. Bury: Milo. ISBN 0-9530847-4-4.
  • Gardner, Peter (1970). The Manchester City Football Book No. 2. London: Stanley Paul. ISBN 0-09-103280-6.
  • Inglis, Simon (1987). The Football Grounds of Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: Collins Willow. ISBN 0-00-218249-1.
  • James, Gary (2002). Manchester: The Greatest City. Polar Publishing. ISBN 1-899538-09-7.
  • James, Gary (2005). The Official Manchester City Hall of Fame. Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-61282-1.
  • James, Gary (2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-512-0.
  • James, Gary (2008). Manchester – A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5.
  • Penney, Ian (2008). Manchester City: The Mercer-Allison Years. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 978-1-85983-608-8.
  • Rowlands, Alan (2005). Trautmann: The Biography. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-491-4.
  • Tossell, David (2008). Big Mal: The High Life and Hard Times of Malcolm Allison, Football Legend. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 978-1-84596-478-8.
  • Wallace, David (2007). Century City – Manchester City Football Club 1957/58. Leigh: King of the Kippax. ISBN 978-0-9557056-0-1.
  • Ward, Andrew (1984). The Manchester City Story. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 0-907969-05-4.

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