Oslobođenje

In this article we are going to explore in detail Oslobođenje and its impact on different aspects of our lives. Oslobođenje is a topic that has aroused great interest in recent years, and its importance has been reflected in numerous investigations and studies. From its influence in the social sphere to its relevance in the field of technology, Oslobođenje plays a fundamental role that we cannot ignore. Throughout this article, we will discuss how Oslobođenje has evolved over time and how it continues to shape our environment today. In addition, we will explore the ethical and moral implications that Oslobođenje carries, as well as the possible future perspectives that open up as we continue to discover more about this phenomenon.
Oslobođenje
Front page, 26 March 2018
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBerliner
Owner(s)Sarajevska Pivara
PublisherOslobođenje d.o.o.
Editor-in-chiefVildana Selimbegović
Founded30 August 1943 (1943-08-30)
Political alignmentLiberal
LanguageBosnian
HeadquartersBistrik 9, Sarajevo,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Country NDH (1943–1945)
SFRY (1945–1992)
RBiH (1992-1995)
BiH (since 1995)
ISSN0350-4352
Websitewww.oslobodjenje.ba Edit this at Wikidata

The Oslobođenje (Bosnian pronunciation: [oslobod͡ʑěːɲe]; 'Liberation') is the Bosnian national daily newspaper, published in Sarajevo. It is the oldest daily newspaper still in circulation in the Bosnia and Herzegovina. Founded on 30 August 1943, in the midst of World War II, on a patch of territory liberated by Partisans, in what was otherwise a German-occupied country, the paper gained recognition over the years for its high journalistic standards and is recipient of numerous domestic honors and international awards in a branch.

History

Lazar Jović's house in Donja Trnova near Ugljevik where the Oslobođenje was founded on August 30, 1943.
Front page of the Oslobođenje on May 9, 1945
The Oslobođenje building was targeted from the beginning of the war by Serb troops led by Ratko Mladić

The Oslobođenje was founded on 30 August 1943 in Donja Trnova near Ugljevik, as an anti-Nazi newspaper. The first issue was printed on August 30, 1943 in Donja Trnova near Ugljevik as a newsletter of the National Liberation Front for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The first editor was Rodoljub Čolaković.

Apart from Rodoljub Čolaković, the main articles for the first issue were written by Avdo Humo and Hasan Brkić, also editors. The two were assisted by professional journalists Vilko Winterhalter and Milan Gavrić, and writers Skender Kulenović and Branko Ćopić. Meša Selimović was one of the founders of the Oslobođenje. In the first issue of the Oslobođenje, Selimović wrote an article about the Orthodox Church in the Soviet Union, according to information he heard on radio stations Moscow and Free Yugoslavia.

The first courier was Raif Dizdarević. He delivered the first issues of the Oslobođenja to Jajce, where the AVNOJ was already being prepared.

The second (September) issue was also printed in Donja Trnova, without markings of the place of publication and printing due to the danger of an enemy attack. During the World War II, the newspaper was also printed in Tuzla (the third, October issue), the village of Busije near Ribnik (the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh issues), in Međeđe Brdo near Sanica (from the eighth to the 12th issue) and in Jajce (from 13 to 29 issues). On April 12, 1945, the 30th issue of Oslobođenje was published, the last in the World War II, which was printed in Sarajevo, which has been the headquarters of this newspaper since then.

In mid 1970s, while SR Bosnia and Herzegovina was a part of SFR Yugoslavia, the newspaper run a subsidiary office in Frankfurt in West Germany which published the edition targeted at numerous Yugoslav workers ('gastarbeiter') and other citizens living in the country.

On August 30, 1973, Josip Broz Tito sent congratulations to newspaper on the occasion of its 30th anniversary. It was then established Day of the Oslobođenje - August 30.

The most prosperous time of the newspaper was 1984. The Oslobođenje was included bid for the 1984 Winter Olympics, its preparations and implementation. All the capacities of the company, which had around 2,500 employees in 1984, were put to use for this historic, not only sporting, event. In the days of 14 Winter Olympics, the Oslobođenje achieved the largest circulation, and the entire system a great business success. In 1984, the Oslobođenje with 21 editions achieved 126 million printed copies of newspapers, magazines, publications and books. It was the year of the highest production for the Oslobođenja printing house since the installation of a new rotation in 1980 in Sarajevo neighborhood of Nedžarići.

During the Bosnian war and the Siege of Sarajevo, the Oslobođenje staff operated out of a makeshift newsroom in a bomb shelter after its 10-story office building had been destroyed. The war left five staff members dead and 25 wounded. Kjašif Smajlović, the Oslobođenje correspondent from Zvornik, was the first journalist victim of the Bosnian war.

On May 29, 1992, the Oslobođenja building was set on fire. The first, but not the last time. For months, the Army of Republika Srpska did not give up its intentions of disabling and obstructing the work of the newspaper. No one expected the release of a new issue the next morning. However, at 6 o'clock in the morning, a news story was published on the front page with a photo of the fire and the message: Oslobođenje ide dalje (The Oslobođenje goes further). Three months later, the Oslobođenje building was set on fire for the second time. After this attack, the skyscraper's eastern and western portions collapsed due to the fires weakening its support columns.

The Oslobođenje headquarters in Sarajevo

On April 9, 1993, among many people from around the world, Oslobođenje was visited by the US Senator Joe Biden. At that time, his host was the editor-in-chief of the newspaper Kemal Kurspahić.

Like the world, on this April day, I wonder if it is possible to put Bosnia and Herzegovina together after so much carnage? Here, in the Oslobođenje, I see that it is possible. Before that, I almost forgot that there are Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks who want to live together. Do you realize that what you are doing is fantastic? I am leaving this place with a full heart, and not sad like from Belgrade, Zagreb and eastern Bosnia, because it seemed to me that there was no hope there. Here, even though everything around you is broken, there is hope. I admire what you do, I admire your courage and I wish you success.

— Joe Biden, US Senator

In 1993, it was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. The editors of Oslobođenje, Kemal Kurspahić and Gordana Knežević, were named International Editors of the Year for 1993 by the World Press Review in New York, for their "bravery, tenacity, and dedication to the principles of journalism." Duo also received the Courage in Journalism Award in 1992 from the International Women's Media Foundation in Washington, D.C.. Kurspahić was also recipient of the Nieman Fellowship for Journalism at Harvard University in 1994, among other honors. Immediately after the war ended in 1995, editor-in-chief Mehmed Halilović accepted the University of Missouri Honor Medal from the School of Journalism in Columbia, Missouri for continuous publication of the daily newspaper throughout the 1992–95 siege of Sarajevo. Editor Zlatko Dizdarević won several international awards, including: ‘Reporters sans frontieres-Fondation de France’ in Paris, the ‘Bruno Kreisky’ prize for human rights in Vienna, and the 'Paolo Borssalino’ prize for journalistic courage in Rome. During the war, its staff, consisting of Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs, and Bosnian Croats, managed to print the paper every day, with one exception.

In 2006, the company was bought by way of the Sarajevo Stock Exchange by the Sarajevska pivara. In addition to the Oslobođenje daily, this publishing house today has digital platforms - the Oslobođenje, Dani and Sport1 portals. As part of this corporation, there is also Dječja štampa (Male novine, Vesela sveska, Vesela sveska sveznalica), as well as television channels O Kanal, O Kanal Plus and O Kanal Music.

Notable persons

Editors

Incomplete data:

Correspondents

Incomplete data:

Associates

Incomplete data:

List of awards won by Oslobođenje

  • Order of the brotherhood and unity with golden wreath (SFR Yugoslavia, 1963)
  • Order of Labour with the red flag (SFR Yugoslavia, 1983)
  • Golden Mercury Award 1977 (International Committee for Development and International Cooperation, Rome)
  • ZAVNOBiH Award (1978)
  • Sixth of April Sarajevo Award (1984)
  • The Paper of the Year in 1989 (Slobodna Dalmacija declared Oslobođenje the best newspaper in SFR Yugoslavia)
  • The Paper of the Year Award in 1992 (BBC and Granada TV – United Kingdom)
  • Andrei Sakharov Award for Human Rights 1993 (European Parliament – Strasbourg, France)
  • Freedom Award in 1993 (Dagens nyheter, Stockholm; and Politiken Copenhagen)
  • Oscar Romero Award 1993 (The Rothko Chapel – Houston, Texas)
  • Nieman Foundation's Louis M. Lyons Award for conscience and integrity in journalism in 1993 (Harvard University – USA)
  • Achievements in Journalism Award in 1993 (Inter Press Service, Rome – previously the International Journalism Award)
  • University of Missouri Honor Medal in 1995 by the School of Journalism for continuous publication of the daily newspaper throughout the 1992–1995 siege of Sarajevo.
  • Golden plaque of the MESS in 2015 for continuous devotion to culture in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Johns Hopkins University Award for Contribution to Investigative Journalism in 2015
  • The Paper of the Year in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2016)
  • Special recognition of the Italian 22nd Giavera Festival for perseverance in the fight for human rights (2017)
  • Gold plaque of the Association Education builds Bosnia and Herzegovina (2019)

The Oslobođenje Journalist Awards

The Kemal Kurspahić International Award is recognition to journalists who published the story in Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin or Serbian. It is awarded every two years. The Hamza Bakšić Award is one and awarted only to journalists from the Oslobođenje Service Media Group. It is awarded annually. They were awarded for the first time in 2023 on the 80th anniversary of the Oslobođenje.

Kemal Kurspahić International Journalist Award

2023

Jury members

Year(s) Member #1 Member #2 Member#3 Member#4 Member#5 Member#6 Member#7
2023 Mujo Selimović Vildana Selimbegović Hajrudin Somun Pavle Mijović Saša Rukavina Neven Anđelić Ajla Terzić

Hamza Bakšić Journalist Award

2023

  • Matea Jerković (for a series of articles about the rights of the LGBTIQ+ community) and Amir Papić (Bio jednom jedan ćiro)

Jury members

Year(s) Member #1 Member #2 Member#3 Member#4 Member#5 Member#6 Member#7
2023 Mujo Selimović Vildana Selimbegović Hajrudin Somun Pavle Mijović Saša Rukavina Neven Anđelić Ajla Terzić

References

  1. ^ a b "Sarajevska pivara postala većinski vlasnik "Oslobođenja"". klix.ba. 2006-09-12. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  2. ^ "Oslobođenje slavi 75 godina rada: Najstariji dnevni list u BiH". 6 September 2018. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  3. ^ Kadri Ackarbasic. International Journal of Rule of Law, Transitional Justice And Human Rights. Association Pravnik Sarajevo. p. 90. GGKEY:B0XLC3UWS4H. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "78. rođendan Oslobođenja / Danas smo jedina integrisana redakcija u regiji: novine, portali i O kanal". oslobodjenje.ba. 2017-08-05. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  5. ^ "Godišnjica smrti Skendera Kulenovića: Sve je moje iz Bosne". 6 September 2018. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  6. ^ "Meša Selimović: Sedam manje poznatih detalja iz biografije slavnog pisca". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  7. ^ "Specijal O kanala: 80 godina Oslobođenja (3:25-4:20)". 29 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  8. ^ William Zimmerman (1987). Open Borders, Nonalignment, and the Political Evolution of Yugoslavia. Princeton University Press. p. 121. ISBN 0-691-07730-4.
  9. ^ "AJR "From the Battleground To the Suburbs"". AJR. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  10. ^ "Kjašif Smajlović, novinar koga je ubila istinita riječ". 9 April 2020. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  11. ^ "78. rođendan Oslobođenja / Danas smo jedina integrisana redakcija u regiji: novine, portali i O kanal". Oslobođenje. 23 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Kemal Kurspahic, Gordana Knezevic | 1992 Courage in Journalism Award - IWMF". www.iwmf.org. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Kemal Kurspahic, journalist for the Bosnian independent daily Oslobodjenje, to speak at Cornell Thursday, April 1". Cornell Chronicle. 29 March 1999. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Zlatko Dizdarevic, journalist". Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  15. ^ "Nadamo se da ste i vi nas s nestrpljenjem čekali - Družimo se i u novoj školskoj godini, a ovo je naša misija!". oslobodjenje.ba. 2017-08-05. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  16. ^ "Od večeras gledajte naša dva nova kanala - O kanal Music i O kanal Plus!". oslobodjenje.ba. 2017-08-05. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  17. ^ "Bivši urednik Oslobođenja: U 91. godini života preminuo Aziz Hadžihasanović". 1 February 2022. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  18. ^ "Sedamdeset godina Oslobođenja". 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  19. ^ "Vlasenica: Obilježavanje 90 godina od rođenja Derviša Sušića". 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  20. ^ "Sedamdeset godina Oslobođenja". 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  21. ^ "Preminuo Kemal Kurspahić, urednik godine u svijetu 1993". 17 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  22. ^ "Oslobođenje slavi 75 godina rada: Najstariji dnevni list u BiH". 6 September 2018. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  23. ^ "Godišnjica smrti Skendera Kulenovića: Sve je moje iz Bosne". 6 September 2018. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  24. ^ "Mak Dizdar čija bista je streljana od HVO". 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  25. ^ "Mehmed Halilović". 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  26. ^ "Gordana Knežević". 6 September 2018. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  27. ^ "Preminuo bh. novinar Vlastimir Mijović". 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  28. ^ "Ljiljana Smajlović". 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  29. ^ "Dežulović zbog "vrijeđanja vjerskih osjećaja" više ne piše za bosansko Oslobođenje". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  30. ^ Indira Pindžo (2 November 2013). "Ćamil Sijarić, književnik, pravnik, dramaturg i akademik: Crnogorac koji nije upamtio ni oca ni majku". azra.ba. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  31. ^ "Dragan Markovina kolumne". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  32. ^ "Gojko Berić kolumne". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  33. ^ "Meša Selimović: Sedam manje poznatih detalja iz biografije slavnog pisca". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  34. ^ "Muharem Bazdulj kolumne". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  35. ^ "Preminuo novinar i publicista Zija Dizdarević". 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  36. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  37. ^ Archived July 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ "IPS – Inter Press Service News Agency » IPS International Achievement Award". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  39. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  40. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  41. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  42. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  43. ^ "Bh. list "Oslobođenje" slavi 80 godina postojanja - Oslobođenje". aa.com.tr. 17 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  44. ^ "Oslobođenje: 79 godina". oslobodjenje.ba. 29 August 2022. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  45. ^ "Nerzuk Ćurak - Opasni ljudi". tacno.net. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  46. ^ "Oslobođenje: 80 godina". oslobodjenje.ba. 30 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  47. ^ "Edvin Kanka Ćudić - Grobnica nade". danas.rs. 5 August 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  48. ^ "Oslobođenje: 80 godina". oslobodjenje.ba. 30 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  49. ^ "Oslobođenje: 80 godina". oslobodjenje.ba. 30 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  50. ^ "Oslobođenje: 80 godina". www.oslobodjenje.ba. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  51. ^ "Bio jednom jedna ćiro". bhdani.oslobodjenje.ba. 30 August 2023. Retrieved 2023-08-30.
  52. ^ "Oslobođenje: 80 godina". www.oslobodjenje.ba. Retrieved 2023-08-30.

External links