Srebrenik

In today's world, Srebrenik has become increasingly relevant in different areas, from politics to science, including culture and society. Its impact is undeniable and its implications are varied and complex. In this article, we will delve into the universe of Srebrenik, exploring its different facets and analyzing its influence in the current context. From its origin to its possible future evolutions, we will try to shed light on this diverse and multifaceted issue.
Srebrenik
Сребреник
Grad Srebrenik
Град Сребреник
City of Srebrenik
Srebrenik Castle
Srebrenik Castle
Location of Srebrenik within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Srebrenik within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Srebrenik is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Srebrenik
Srebrenik
Coordinates: 44°42′N 18°29′E / 44.700°N 18.483°E / 44.700; 18.483
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Tuzla Canton
Government
 • MayorAdnan Bjelić (NiP)
Area
 • City96 sq mi (248 km2)
Elevation
827 ft (252 m)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • City39,678
 • Density414.4/sq mi (159.99/km2)
 • Urban
6,694
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code+387 35
Websitewww.srebrenik.ba

Srebrenik (Serbian Cyrillic: Сребреник) is a city located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, near Tuzla. As of 2013, the city had a population of 39,678 inhabitants, while the urban centre itself had a population of 6,694.

History

Prehistory

Based on unsystematic archaeological research, there have been found what appears to be remains of a Neolithic village near Hrgovi Gornji. Further research is required before any conclusions are made.

Middle ages

The earliest historical record documenting Srebrenik is the edict of Stephen II to Ragusa signed on 15 February, 1333. According to documents from the same period, Srebrenik was under the administration of župa Usora. Srebrenik fortress, a medieval fortress dating back to at least 1333, is located on the Majevica mountain, providing an important strategic stronghold in the area.

In September 1363, king Louis I of Hungary sent an army to Bosnia, led by his palatine Nicholas Kont. This army suffered substantial losses of Hungarian soldiers and materials in Srebrenik. Among the lost materials was the royal seal, which was replaced afterwards.

After the death of Louis I, numerous other Hungarian conquests occurred. One was led by Sigismund of Luxembourg, whose army besieged and conquered Srebrenik, holding out for the next four years. It was then granted to a Serbian despot Stefan Lazarević although the Hungarian army maintained its garrison for some time after the grant.

Srebrenik again fell under Bosnian control after it was conquered by grand duke Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić. It is not known exactly when the city was recaptured by the Hungarians and for how long Hrvoje Vukčić had held the city.

Earliest accounts of Ottoman raiders near Srebrenik have been found in Ragusan letters directed to Sigismund in August 1426, detailing Ottoman activities as follows:

Almost the entire summer an army composed of about four thousand Turks was in Bosnia; neither the lord king of Bosnia nor his barons dared to do anything about them. Duke Sandalj and duke Radoslav Pavlović had managed to achieve peace among themselves. Turks raided parts of Croatia and captured many Croats and Vlachs dwelling there. They raided parts of Usora and Srebrenik twice; they were also present in the territories of duke Zlatonosović; these Turks have returned to their lands and few remained in Bosnia. The glorious lord despot, with his nephew Đurađ, as it was told, made peace with the Venetians in Zeta; a part of the land remained in possession of the lord despot and his nephew and the rest in the possession of the Venetians.

By 1462 the entire župa Usora was under Ottoman control, including Srebrenik. Due to failures in logistics and an epidemic, the Ottoman army had to retreat and Matthias Corvinus managed to seize back Srebrenik. In order to further improve the defense against future Ottoman attacks, Matthias created the banate of Srebrenik in 1464 and granted it to Nicholas of Ilok who later became the titular king of Bosnia.

There are two accounts related to the Ottoman conquest of Srebrenik. According to one, Srebrenik was taken in 1512, together with Teočak. The other version says that Srebrenik was taken together with Sokol and Tešanj in 1521 by the Bosnian sanjak-bey Firuz Bey.

Demographics

1971

In the 1971 census, the municipality of Srebrenik had 33,620 inhabitants:

  • Bosniaks - 24,628 (73,25%)
  • Serbs - 5,489 (16,32%)
  • Croats - 3,256 (9,68%)
  • Yugoslavs - 34 (0,10%)
  • others - 213 (0,65%)

1991

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Srebrenik had 40,882 inhabitants:

2013 Census

Municipality Nationality Total
Bosniaks % Croats % Serbs %
Srebrenik 35,951 90.60 1,968 4.95 394 0.99 39,678

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List of residential places in the Srebrenik municipality

The list from 1991: Salihbašići, Babunovići, Behrami, Brda, Brezik, Brnjičani, Cage, Cerik, Crveno Brdo, Čekanići, Ćehaje, Ćojlučko Polje, Ćojluk, Dedići, Donji Moranjci, Donji Podpeć, Donji Srebrenik, Duboki Potok, Falešići, Gornji Hrgovi, Gornji Moranjci, Novo naselje Polje, Gornji Podpeć, Gornji Srebrenik, Huremi, Jasenica, Ježinac, Kiseljak, Kuge, Like, Lipje, Lisovići, Luka, Ljenobud, Maoča, Podorašje, Previle, Rapatnica, Seona, Sladna, Srebrenik, Straža, Šahmeri, Špionica Centar, Špionica Donja, Špionica Gornja, Špionica Srednja, Tinja Donja, Tinja Gornja, Tutnjevac, Uroža and Zahirovići.

Sports

The local football club, NK Gradina, plays in the First League of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
  2. ^ Dinić, Mihailo (1934). Srebrenik kod Srebrenice. Belgrade.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. ^ Radonić, Jovan (1934). Acta et diplomata Ragusina. SKA Beograd.
  4. ^ Miklošič, Frano (1858). Monumenta Serbica. Vienna.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  5. ^ Kristó, Gyula. (1988). Az Anjou-kor háborúi. Budapest: Zrínyi Katonai Kiadó. ISBN 963-326-905-9. OCLC 20810135.
  6. ^ Handžić, Adem (1975). Tuzla i njena okolina u XVI vijeku. Tuzla.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  7. ^ Jireček, Josip (1951). Trgovački drumovi i rudnici Srbije i Bosne u srednjem vijeku. Sarajevo. p. 146.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  8. ^ Oršolić, Tado (1999). 'Putanja klatna. Ugarsko-Hrvatsko Kraljevstvo i Bosna u XIV. stoljeću'. Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. OCLC 854843981.
  9. ^ a b Nilević, Boris (1996). "Sjeveroistočna Bosna u tokovima evropske srednjovjekovne povijesti. Prilog historiji Srebreničke banovine". Bosna Franciscana: 116–122.
  10. ^ Engel, Pál, 1938-2001. (2001). The realm of St. Stephen : a history of medieval Hungary, 895-1526. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-061-3. OCLC 46570146.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Link text, additional text.

External links

External links