Una-Sana Canton

In today's world, Una-Sana Canton has become a topic of great relevance and interest to people of all ages and walks of life. Its impact ranges from the personal sphere to society as a whole, generating debates, conflicting opinions and, sometimes, widening the gap between different groups. Throughout history, Una-Sana Canton has been the object of study, analysis and reflection, which has allowed us to understand it from different perspectives and, therefore, its influence on people's daily lives. In this article, we will explore the various aspects related to Una-Sana Canton, analyzing its evolution, its importance and the implications it entails for contemporary society.
Una-Sana Canton
Unsko-sanski kanton /
Унско-сански кантон (Bosnian)
Unsko-sanska županija (Croatian)
Унско-сански кантон /
Unsko-sanski kanton
Flag of Una-Sana / Уна-Сана
Flag
Coat of arms of Una-Sana / Уна-Сана
Coat of arms
Location of Una-Sana / Уна-Сана
StatusCanton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital
and largest city
Bihać
Official languagesBosnian, Croatian
Ethnic groups
(2013)
90.02% Bosniaks
3.09% Serbs
1.85% Croats
5.04% others
Demonym(s)Una-Sanian
GovernmentParliamentary system
• Premier
Nijaz Hušić (SDA)
• President of Assembly
Zikrija Duraković (POMAK)
LegislatureAssembly of the Una-Sana Canton
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Establishment
12 June 1996
Area
• Total
4,125 km2 (1,593 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 census
273,261
• Density
66.24/km2 (171.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Per capita
$15,622
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Per capita
$6.030
HDI (2019)0.760
high
CurrencyBAM
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Una-Sana Canton (Bosnian: Unsko-sanski kanton and Serbian: Унско-сански кантон; Croatian: Unsko-sanska županija) is one of the ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the northwest of the country and has been named after the rivers Una and Sana. The center of the cantonal government is Bihać. The canton is bordered by Republika Srpska from the east, the Canton 10 from the southeast, and Croatia from the south, west, and north.

Political subdivisions

Municipality/City Population Area (km2)
Bihać 56,261 900
Bosanska Krupa 25,545 561
Bosanski Petrovac 7,328 709
Bužim 19,340 129
Cazin 66,149 356
Ključ 16,784 358
Sanski Most 41,475 781
Velika Kladuša 40,419 331

Demographics

The liberalisation of the labour market in Germany in 2017 resulted in a large wave of emigration from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Una-Sana Canton leads in terms of emigration in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Cantonal Ministry of Internal Affairs issued 15,900 certificates of impunity for the purpose of working abroad in 2021. In 2017, the Ministry issued around 13,500 of such certificates, in 2018 around 14,800, in 2019 around 12,200 and in 2020, the number of such certificates issued was around 9,200. Also, in 2021, about 1,500 children enrolled in the first grades of elementary schools, 2,000 less than 20 years ago.

1991

In the 1991 census, the Canton of Una-Sana had 330,479 residents, including:

  • 241,511 (73.08%) Muslims
  • 67,351 (20.38%) Serbs
  • 8,766 (2.653%) Croats
  • 12,851 (3.887%) others

2013 Census">edit]

Municipality/City Nationality Total
Bosniaks % Croats % Serbs %
Bihać 49,550 88.07 3265 5.80 910 1.61 56,261
Bosanska Krupa 23,578 92.29 66 0.25 1,260 4.93 25,545
Bosanski Petrovac 3,179 43.38 26 0.35 3,996 54.53 7,328
Bužim 19,207 99.31 8 0.04 1 0.005 19,340
Cazin 63,463 95.93 320 0.48 29 0.04 66,149
Ključ 16,130 96.33 30 0.17 273 1.63 16,744
Sanski Most 38,344 92.45 722 1.74 1837 4.42 41,475
Velika Kladuša 32,561 80.55 636 1.57 146 0.36 40,419
Canton 246,012 90.02 5,073 1.85 8,452 3.09 273,261

Traffic

Due to the proximity to Croatia and its narrow northern outline, various important traffic lines between Zagreb and the Adriatic traverse the Una-Sana canton, such as the railway line Novi Grad-Bihać-Knin. The airport of Željava is located near Bihać and is located right between the Bosnian and Croatian border.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "The Constitution of the Una-Sana Canton" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b Dnevnik.ba.
  3. ^ a b c FTV (a).
  4. ^ Fejzović 2022.
  5. ^ Inmedia.
  6. ^ FTV (b).
  7. ^ RadioBK.
  8. ^ Link text, additional text.

References

External links

44°44′N 16°12′E / 44.733°N 16.200°E / 44.733; 16.200