Cricket World Cup

This article will address the topic of Cricket World Cup, which has been of great interest and relevance in various contexts throughout history. Since its origins, Cricket World Cup has sparked curiosity and debate among experts and fans, generating endless theories, studies and research that seek to fully understand its meaning and impact on society. Over the years, Cricket World Cup has played a fundamental role in different fields, from culture and art, to science and technology, leaving an indelible mark on humanity. In this sense, it is essential to analyze and reflect on Cricket World Cup, its multiple facets and its influence on the contemporary world.

ICC Men's Cricket World Cup
AdministratorInternational Cricket Council (ICC)
FormatOne Day International
First edition1975  England
Latest edition2023  India
Next edition2027  South Africa
 Zimbabwe
 Namibia
Number of teams14(14 from 2027)
Current champion Australia (6th title)
Most successful Australia (6 titles)
Most runsIndia Sachin Tendulkar (2,278)
Most wicketsAustralia Glenn McGrath (71)
Websitecricketworldcup.com

The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), every four years, with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and considered as the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC. It is widely considered the pinnacle championship of the sport of cricket.

The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years earlier. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, and a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia, England and South Africa. The first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.

The current format involves a qualification phase, which takes place over the preceding three years, to determine which teams qualify for the tournament phase. In the tournament phase, 10 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation, compete for the title at venues within the host nation over about a month. In the 2027 edition, the format will be changed to accommodate an expanded 14-team final competition.

A total of twenty teams have competed in the 13 editions of the tournament, with ten teams competing in the recent 2023 tournament. Australia has won the tournament six times, India and West Indies twice each, while Pakistan, Sri Lanka and England have won it once each. The best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament.

Australia are the current champions after winning the 2023 World Cup in India. The subsequent 2027 World Cup will be held jointly in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia.

History

Cricket World Cups
Year Champions
1975  West Indies
1979  West Indies (2)
1983  India
1987  Australia
1992  Pakistan
1996  Sri Lanka
1999  Australia (2)
2003  Australia (3)
2007  Australia (4)
2011  India (2)
2015  Australia (5)
2019  England
2023  Australia (6)

The first international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844. However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams competed regularly for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889. Representative cricket teams were selected to tour each other, resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal. This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.

The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England, Australia and South Africa. The event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, and crowd attendances were poor, attributed to a "surfeit of cricket". Since then, international Test cricket has generally been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999.

The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over time, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, and continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969. The first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over game with eight balls per over. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organizing a Cricket World Cup.

Prudential World Cups (1975–1983)

The Prudential Cup trophy

The inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at the time. The first three tournaments were held in England and officially known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc. The matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during daytime in the traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls.

Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, and the West Indies (the six Test nations at the time), together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa. One notable omission was South Africa, who were banned from international cricket due to apartheid. The tournament was won by the West Indies, who defeated Australia by 17 runs in the final at Lord's. Roy Fredricks of West Indies was the first batsmen who got hit-wicket in ODI during the 1975 World Cup final.

The 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing teams for the World Cup, with Sri Lanka and Canada qualifying. The West Indies won a second consecutive World Cup tournament, defeating the hosts England by 92 runs in the final. At a meeting which followed the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference agreed to make the competition a quadrennial event.

The 1983 event was hosted by England for a third consecutive time. By this stage, Sri Lanka had become a Test-playing nation, and Zimbabwe qualified through the ICC Trophy. A fielding circle was introduced, 30 yards (27 m) away from the stumps. Four fieldsmen needed to be inside it at all times. The teams faced each other twice, before moving into the knock-outs. India was crowned champions after upsetting the West Indies by 43 runs in the final.

Different champions (1987–1996)

India and Pakistan jointly hosted the 1987 tournament, the first time that the competition was held outside England. The games were reduced from 60 to 50 overs per innings, the current standard, because of the shorter daylight hours in the Indian subcontinent compared with England's summer. Australia won the championship by defeating England by 7 runs in the final, the closest margin in the World Cup final until the 2019 edition between England and New Zealand.

The 1992 World Cup, held in Australia and New Zealand, introduced many changes to the game, such as coloured clothing, white balls, day/night matches, and a change to the fielding restriction rules. The South African cricket team participated in the event for the first time, following the fall of the apartheid regime and the end of the international sports boycott. Pakistan overcame a dismal start in the tournament to eventually defeat England by 22 runs in the final and emerge as winners.

The 1996 championship was held in the Indian subcontinent for a second time, with the inclusion of Sri Lanka as host for some of its group stage matches. In the semi-final, Sri Lanka, heading towards a crushing victory over India at Eden Gardens after the hosts lost eight wickets while scoring 120 runs in pursuit of 252, were awarded victory by default after crowd unrest broke out in protest against the Indian performance. Sri Lanka went on to win their maiden championship by defeating Australia by seven wickets in the final at Lahore.

Australian treble (1999–2007)

In 1999, the event was hosted by England, with some matches also being held in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the Netherlands. Twelve teams contested the World Cup. Australia qualified for the semi-finals after reaching their target in their Super 6 match against South Africa off the final over of the match. They then proceeded to the final with a tied match in the semi-final also against South Africa where a mix-up between South African batsmen Lance Klusener and Allan Donald saw Donald drop his bat and stranded mid-pitch to be run out. In the final, Australia dismissed Pakistan for 132 and then reached the target in less than 20 overs and with eight wickets in hand.

A crowd of over 10,000 fans welcome the Australian team on completing the first World Cup hat-trick – Martin Place, Sydney.

South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya hosted the 2003 World Cup. The number of teams participating in the event increased from twelve to fourteen. Kenya's victories over Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, among others – and a forfeit by the New Zealand team, which refused to play in Kenya because of security concerns – enabled Kenya to reach the semi-finals, the best result by an associate. In the final, Australia made 359 runs for the loss of two wickets, the largest ever total in a final, defeating India by 125 runs.

In 2007, the tournament was hosted by the West Indies and expanded to sixteen teams. Following Pakistan's upset loss to World Cup debutants Ireland in the group stage, Pakistani coach Bob Woolmer was found dead in his hotel room. Jamaican police had initially launched a murder investigation into Woolmer's death but later confirmed that he died of heart failure. Australia defeated Sri Lanka in the final by 53 runs (D/L) in farcical light conditions, and extended their undefeated run in the World Cup to 29 matches and winning three straight championships.

Hosts triumph (2011–2019)

Autographed bat of the World Cup winning captains till 2015 at the Blades of Glory Museum, Pune, India

India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh together hosted the 2011 World Cup. Pakistan was stripped of its hosting rights following the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in 2009, with the games originally scheduled for Pakistan redistributed to the other host countries. The number of teams participating in the World Cup was reduced to fourteen. Australia lost their final group stage match against Pakistan on 19 March 2011, ending an unbeaten streak of 35 World Cup matches, which had begun on 23 May 1999. India won their second World Cup title by beating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final at Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai, where the Indian captain M.S. Dhoni along with the spinning all-rounder Yuvraj Singh chased 273 with notable performances from Gautam Gambhir and Virat Kohli, making India the first country to win the World Cup at home. This was also the first time that two Asian countries faced each other in a World Cup Final.

Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted the 2015 World Cup. The number of participants remained at fourteen. Ireland was the most successful Associate nation with a total of three wins in the tournament. New Zealand beat South Africa in a thrilling first semi-final to qualify for their maiden World Cup final. Australia defeated New Zealand by seven wickets in the final at Melbourne to lift the World Cup for the fifth time.

England perform a lap of honour around Lord's after their victory on 14 July 2019.

The 2019 World Cup was hosted by England and Wales. The number of participants was reduced to 10. New Zealand defeated India in the first semi-final, which was pushed over to the reserve day due to rain. England defeated the defending champions, Australia, in the second semi-final. Neither finalist had previously won the World Cup. In the final, the scores were tied at 241 after 50 overs and the match went to a super over, after which the scores were again tied at 15. The World Cup was won by England, whose boundary count was greater than New Zealand's.

Australian resurgence (2023)

The 2023 Cricket World Cup was hosted by India. Ten teams participated, including The Netherlands, which returned to the tournament after a 12 year absence. The tournament was structured as a single group round-robin, with the top four advancing to the semi-final knockout stage. India were unbeaten in the group stage and defeated New Zealand to advance to the final; Australia lost twice during the group stage before defeating South Africa in the semi-finals. Afghanistan had their most successful World Cup, with four wins during the group stage, including over defending champions England; they also came close to defeating Australia before Glenn Maxwell's double century turned the match around. In the final, Australia defeated India by 6 wickets to win their sixth World Cup title.

Format

Qualification

From the first World Cup in 1975 up to the 2019 World Cup, the majority of teams taking part qualified automatically. Until the 2015 World Cup this was mostly through having Full Membership of the ICC, and for the 2019 World Cup this was mostly through ranking position in the ICC ODI Championship.

Since the second World Cup in 1979 up to the 2019 World Cup, the teams that qualified automatically were joined by a small number of others who qualified for the World Cup through the qualification process. The first qualifying tournament being the ICC Trophy; later the process expanding with pre-qualifying tournaments. For the 2011 World Cup, the ICC World Cricket League replaced the past pre-qualifying processes; and the name "ICC Trophy" was changed to "ICC Men's Cricket World Cup Qualifier". The World Cricket League was the qualification system provided to allow the Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC more opportunities to qualify. The number of teams qualifying varied throughout the years.

From the 2023 World Cup onwards, only the host nation(s) will qualify automatically. All countries will participate in a series of leagues to determine qualification, with automatic promotion and relegation between divisions from one World Cup cycle to the next.

Tournament

Autographs of the winning teams of each edition of the tournament at the Blades of Glory Cricket Museum, Pune, India.

The format of the Cricket World Cup has changed greatly over the course of its history. Each of the first four tournaments was played by eight teams, divided into two groups of four. The competition consisted of two stages, a group stage and a knock-out stage. The four teams in each group played each other in the round-robin group stage, with the top two teams in each group progressing to the semi-finals. The winners of the semi-finals played against each other in the final. With South Africa returning in the fifth tournament in 1992 as a result of the end of the apartheid boycott, nine teams played each other once in the group phase, and the top four teams progressed to the semi-finals. The tournament was further expanded in 1996, with two groups of six teams. The top four teams from each group progressed to quarter-finals and semi-finals.

A distinct format was used for the 1999 and 2003 World Cups. The teams were split into two pools, with the top three teams in each pool advancing to the Super 6. The Super 6 teams played the three other teams that advanced from the other group. As they advanced, the teams carried their points forward from previous matches against other teams advancing alongside them, giving them an incentive to perform well in the group stages. The top four teams from the Super 6 stage progressed to the semi-finals, with the winners playing in the final.

The captains of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

The format used in the 2007 World Cup involved 16 teams allocated into four groups of four. Within each group, the teams played each other in a round-robin format. Teams earned points for wins and half-points for ties. The top two teams from each group moved forward to the Super 8 round. The Super 8 teams played the other six teams that progressed from the different groups. Teams earned points in the same way as the group stage, but carried their points forward from previous matches against the other teams who qualified from the same group to the Super 8 stage. The top four teams from the Super 8 round advanced to the semi-finals, and the winners of the semi-finals played in the final.

The format used in the 2011 and 2015 World Cups featured two groups of seven teams, each playing in a round-robin format. The top four teams from each group proceeded to the knock out stage consisting of quarter-finals, semi-finals and ultimately the final.

In the 2019 and 2023 editions of the tournament, the number of teams participating dropped to 10. Each team is scheduled to play against each other once in a round robin format, before entering the semifinals, a similar format to the 1992 World Cup. The 2027 and 2031 World Cups will have 14 teams, with the format same as the 2003 edition.

Summary of tournament formats
# Year Host(s) Teams Matches Preliminary stage Final stage
1 1975  England 8 15 2 groups of 4 teams: 12 matches Knock-out of 4 teams (group winners and runners-up): 3 matches
2 1979
3 1983  England
 Wales
27 2 groups of 4 teams: 24 matches
4 1987  India
 Pakistan
5 1992  Australia
 New Zealand
9 39 1 group of 9 teams: 36 matches Knock-out of 4 teams (top 4 in group): 3 matches
6 1996  India
 Pakistan
 Sri Lanka
12 37 2 groups of 6 teams: 30 matches Knock-out of 8 teams (top 4 in each group): 7 matches
7 1999  England
 Ireland
 Netherlands
 Scotland
 Wales
42 2 groups of 6 teams: 30 matches Super Sixes (top 3 in each group): 9 matches
Knock-out of 4 teams (top 4 in Super Sixes): 3 matches
8 2003  South Africa
 Kenya
 Zimbabwe
14 54 2 groups of 7 teams: 42 matches
9 2007  West Indies 16 51 4 groups of 4 teams: 24 matches Super Eights (top 2 in each group): 24 matches
Knock-out of 4 teams (top 4 in Super Eights): 3 matches
10 2011  India
 Bangladesh
 Sri Lanka
14 49 2 groups of 7 teams: 42 matches Knock-out of 8 teams (top 4 in each group): 7 matches
11 2015  Australia
 New Zealand
12 2019  England
 Wales
10 48 1 group of 10 teams: 45 matches Knock-out of 4 teams (top 4 in group): 3 matches
13 2023  India
14 2027  South Africa
 Namibia
 Zimbabwe
14 54 2 groups of 7 teams: 42 matches Super Sixes (top 3 in each group): 9 matches
Knock-out of 4 teams (top 4 in Super Sixes): 3 matches
15 2031  India
 Bangladesh

Trophy

The Cricket World Cup Trophy.

The ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the World Cup. The current trophy was created for the 1999 championships, and was the first permanent prize in the tournament's history. Prior to this, different trophies were made for each World Cup.[clarification needed] The trophy was designed and produced in London by a team of craftsmen from Garrard & Co over a period of two months.

The current trophy is made from silver and gilt, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball. The seam is tilted to symbolize the axial tilt of the Earth. It stands 60 centimetres (24 in) high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms (24 lb). The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions. The ICC keeps the original trophy. A replica differing only in the inscriptions is permanently awarded to the winning team.

Media coverage

The tournament is one of the world's most-viewed sporting events, and successive tournaments have generated increasing media attention as One-Day International cricket has become more established.[dubious ] The 2011 Cricket World Cup was televised in over 200 countries to over 2.2 billion viewers.[better source needed][dubious ] Television rights, mainly for the 2011 and 2015 World Cup, were sold for over US$1.1 billion, and sponsorship rights were sold for a further US$500 million. The ICC claimed a total of 1.6 billion viewers for the 2019 World Cup as well as 4.6 billion views of digital video of the tournament. The most-watched match of the tournament was the group game between India and Pakistan, which was watched by more than 300 million people live.

Attendance

Year Hosts Total Attendance References
2003 South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya 626,845
2007 West Indies 672,000
2011 India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh 1,229,826
2015 Australia, New Zealand 1,106,420
2019 England & Wales 752,000
2023 India 1,250,307

Selection of hosts

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining the bids made by the nations keen to hold a Cricket World Cup.

A civic centre lit up to mark the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa

England hosted the first three competitions. The ICC decided that England should host the first tournament because it was ready to devote the resources required to organising the inaugural event. India volunteered to host the third Cricket World Cup, but most ICC members preferred England as the longer period of daylight in England in June meant that a match could be completed in one day. The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in India and Pakistan, the first hosted outside England.

Many of the tournaments have been jointly hosted by nations from the same geographical region, such as South Asia in 1987, 1996 and 2011, Australasia (in Australia and New Zealand) in 1992 and 2015, Southern Africa in 2003 and West Indies in 2007.

In November 2021, ICC published the name of the hosts for ICC events to be played between 2024 and 2031 cycle. The hosts for the 50-over World Cup along with T20 World Cup and Champions Trophy were selected through a competitive bidding process.

Results

Edition Year Host(s) Final venue Final
Winners Result Runner-up
1 1975  England Lord's, London  West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
(scorecard)
 Australia
274 all out (58.4 overs)
2 1979  England Lord's, London  West Indies
286/9 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 92 runs
(scorecard)
 England
194 all out (51 overs)
3 1983 Lord's, London  India
183 all out (54.4 overs)
India won by 43 runs
(scorecard)
 West Indies
140 all out (52 overs)
4 1987 Eden Gardens, Kolkata  Australia
253/5 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs
(scorecard)
 England
246/8 (50 overs)
5 1992 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne  Pakistan
249/6 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 22 runs
(scorecard)
 England
227 all out (49.2 overs)
6 1996 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore  Sri Lanka
245/3 (46.2 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets
(scorecard)
 Australia
241/7 (50 overs)
7 1999 Lord's, London  Australia
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
(scorecard)
 Pakistan
132 all out (39 overs)
8 2003 Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg  Australia
359/2 (50 overs)
Australia won by 125 runs
(scorecard)
 India
234 all out (39.2 overs)
9 2007  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown  Australia
281/4 (38 overs)
Australia won by 53 runs (D/L)
(scorecard)
 Sri Lanka
215/8 (36 overs)
10 2011 Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai  India
277/4 (48.2 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
(scorecard)
 Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
11 2015 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne  Australia
186/3 (33.1 overs)
Australia won by 7 wickets
(scorecard)
 New Zealand
183 all out (45 overs)
12 2019 Lord's, London  England
241 all out (50 overs)
15/0 (super over)
24 fours, 2 sixes
Match Tied (England won on boundaries countback)
(scorecard)
 New Zealand
241/8 (50 overs)
15/1 (super over)
14 fours, 3 sixes
13 2023  India Narendra Modi Stadium, Ahmedabad  Australia
241/4 (43 overs)
Australia won by 6 wickets
(scorecard)
 India
240 all out (50 overs)
14 2027
Notes
  1. ^ England was the sole designated host, but matches were also played in Republic of Ireland, the Netherlands, Scotland and Wales.
  2. ^ South Africa was the sole designated main host, but matches were also played in Zimbabwe and Kenya.
  3. ^ Eight member countries of the West Indies Cricket Federation hosted matches – Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Tournament summary

Twenty nations have qualified for the Cricket World Cup at least once. Six teams have competed in every tournament, five of which have won the title. The West Indies won the first two tournaments, Australia has won six, India has won two, while Pakistan, Sri Lanka and England have each won once. The West Indies (1975 and 1979) and Australia (1999, 2003 and 2007) are the only teams to have won consecutive titles. Australia has played in eight of the thirteen finals (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015 and 2023). New Zealand has yet to win the World Cup, but has been runners-up two times (2015 and 2019). The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the semi-final appearance by Kenya in the 2003 tournament; while the best result by a non-Test playing team on their debut is the Super 8 (second round) by Ireland in 2007.

Sri Lanka, as a co-host of the 1996 World Cup, was the first host to win the tournament, though the final was held in Pakistan. India won in 2011 as host and was the first team to win a final played in their own country. Australia and England repeated the feat in 2015 and 2019 respectively. Other than this, England made it to the final as a host in 1979. Other countries which have achieved or equalled their best World Cup results while co-hosting the tournament are New Zealand as finalists in 2015, Zimbabwe who reached the Super Six in 2003, and Kenya as semi-finalists in 2003. In 1987, co-hosts India and Pakistan both reached the semi-finals, but were eliminated by England and Australia respectively. Australia in 1992, England in 1999, South Africa in 2003, and Bangladesh in 2011 have been host teams that were eliminated in the first round.

Teams' performances

An overview of the teams' performances in every World Cup is given below. For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Host

Team
1975
(8)
1979
(8)
1983
(8)
1987
(8)
1992
(9)
1996
(12)
1999
(12)
2003
(14)
2007
(16)
2011
(14)
2015
(14)
2019
(10)
2023
(10)
Apps.
England England England
Wales
India
Pakistan
Australia
New Zealand
India
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
England
Wales
Scotland
Republic of Ireland
Netherlands
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Kenya
Cricket West Indies India
Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
Australia
New Zealand
England
Wales
India
 Afghanistan GP 10th 6th 3
 Australia RU GP GP W 5th RU W W W QF W SF W 13
 Bangladesh GP GP 7th GP QF 8th 8th 7
 Bermuda GP 1
 Canada GP GP GP GP 4
 England SF RU SF RU RU QF GP GP 5th QF GP W 7th 13
 India GP GP W SF 7th SF 6th RU GP W SF SF RU 13
 Ireland 8th GP GP 3
 Kenya GP GP SF GP GP 5
 Namibia GP 1
 Netherlands GP GP GP GP 10th 5
 New Zealand SF SF GP GP SF QF SF 5th SF SF RU RU SF 13
 Pakistan GP SF SF SF W QF RU GP GP SF QF 5th 5th 13
 Scotland GP GP GP 3
 South Africa SF QF SF GP SF QF SF 7th SF 9
 Sri Lanka GP GP GP GP 8th W GP SF RU RU QF 6th 9th 13
 United Arab Emirates GP GP 2
 West Indies W W RU GP 6th SF GP GP 6th QF QF 9th 12
 Zimbabwe GP GP 9th GP 5th 6th GP GP GP 9
Defunct teams
 East Africa GP 1

Legend

  • W – Winner
  • RU– Runner up
  • SF– Semi-finals
  • S6– Super Six (1999–2003)
  • QF– Quarter-finals (1996, 2011–2015)
  • S8– Super Eight (2007)
  • GP – Group stage / First round
  • Q – Qualified, Still in Competition

Debutant teams

Year Teams Total
1975  Australia,  East Africa,  England,  India,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  West Indies,  Sri Lanka 8
1979  Canada 1
1983  Zimbabwe 1
1987 none 0
1992  South Africa 1
1996  Kenya,  Netherlands,  United Arab Emirates 3
1999  Bangladesh,  Scotland 2
2003  Namibia 1
2007  Bermuda,  Ireland 2
2011 none 0
2015  Afghanistan 1
2019 none 0
2023 none 0

Overview

The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of the 2023 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.

Statistics Best performance
Team Apps Mat. Won Lost Tie NR Win%*
 Australia 13 105 78 25 1 1 75.48 Champions: 6 (1987, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015, 2023)
 India 13 95 63 30 1 1 67.55 Champions: 2 (1983, 2011)
 West Indies 12 80 43 35 0 2 55.12 Champions: 2 (1975, 1979)
 England 13 93 52 39 1 1 57.14 Champions: 1 (2019)
 Pakistan 13 88 49 37 0 2 56.97 Champions: 1 (1992)
 Sri Lanka 13 89 40 46 1 2 46.55 Champions: 1 (1996)
 New Zealand 13 99 59 38 1 1 60.71 Runners-up (2015, 2019)
 South Africa 9 74 45 26 2 1 63.01 Semi-finals (1992, 1999, 2007, 2015, 2023)
 Kenya 5 29 6 22 0 0 21.42 Semi-finals (2003)
 Zimbabwe 9 57 11 42 1 3 21.29 Super 6s (1999, 2003)
 Bangladesh 7 49 16 32 0 1 33.33 Quarter-finals (2015)
 Ireland 3 21 7 13 1 0 35.71 Super 8s (2007)
 Netherlands 5 29 4 25 0 0 13.79 Group Stage (1996, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2023)
 Canada 4 18 2 16 0 0 11.11 Group Stage (1979, 2003, 2007, 2011)
 Afghanistan 3 24 5 19 0 0 20.83 Group Stage (2015, 2019, 2023)
 Scotland 3 14 0 14 0 0 0.00 Group Stage (1999, 2007, 2015)
 United Arab Emirates 2 11 1 10 0 0 9.09 Group Stage (1996, 2015)
 Namibia 1 6 0 6 0 0 0.00 Group Stage (2003)
 Bermuda 1 3 0 3 0 0 0.00 Group Stage (2007)
Defunct teams
 East Africa 1 3 0 3 0 0 0.00 Group Stage (1975)
As of 19 November 2023
Source: ESPNcricinfo

Note:

  • The Win percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win.
  • Teams are sorted by their best performance, then winning percentage, then (if equal) by alphabetical order.
  1. ^ a b Before the 1992 World Cup, South Africa were banned due to apartheid
  2. ^ a b c Disbanded in 1989

Tournament records

Sachin Tendulkar, the leading run-scorer in World Cup history
Glenn McGrath the leading wicket-taker in World Cup history
World Cup records
Batting
Most runs India Sachin Tendulkar 2,278 (19922011)
Highest average (min. 10 inns.) South Africa Lance Klusener 124.00 (19992003)
Highest batting strike rate (min. 500 balls faced) Australia Glenn Maxwell 160.32 (20152023)
Highest score New Zealand Martin Guptill v  West Indies 237* (2015)
Highest partnership Cricket West Indies Chris Gayle & Marlon Samuels
(2nd wicket) v  Zimbabwe
372 (2015)
Most runs in a single world cup India Virat Kohli 765 (2023)
Most hundreds India Rohit Sharma 7 (20152023)
Most hundreds in a single world cup India Rohit Sharma 5 (2019)
Bowling
Most wickets Australia Glenn McGrath 71 (19962007)
Lowest average (min. 400 balls bowled) India Mohammed Shami 13.52 (20152023)
Best strike rate (min. 20 wickets) India Mohammed Shami 15.81 (20152023)
Best economy rate (min. 1000 balls bowled) Cricket West Indies Andy Roberts 3.24 (19751983)
Best bowling figures Australia Glenn McGrath v  Namibia 7/15 (2003)
Most wickets in a tournament Australia Mitchell Starc 27 (2019)
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 54 (20032015)
Most catches (fielder) Australia Ricky Ponting 28 (19962011)
Team
Highest score  South Africa v  Sri Lanka 428/5 (2023)
Lowest score  Canada v  Sri Lanka 36 (2003)
Highest win % Australia Australia 75.48% (Played 105, Won 78)
Most consecutive wins Australia Australia 27 (20 Jun 1999 – 19 Mar 2011, one N/R excluded)
Most consecutive tournament wins Australia Australia 3 (19992007)

By tournament

Year Winning Captain Player of the final Player of the tournament Most runs Most wickets
1975 Cricket West Indies Clive Lloyd Cricket West Indies Clive Lloyd Not Awarded New Zealand Glenn Turner (333) Australia Gary Gilmour (11)
1979 Cricket West Indies Clive Lloyd Cricket West Indies Viv Richards Not Awarded Cricket West Indies Gordon Greenidge (253) England Mike Hendrick (10)
1983 India Kapil Dev India Mohinder Amarnath Not Awarded England David Gower (384) India Roger Binny (18)
1987 Australia Allan Border Australia David Boon Not Awarded England Graham Gooch (471) Australia Craig McDermott (18)
1992 Pakistan Imran Khan Pakistan Wasim Akram New Zealand Martin Crowe New Zealand Martin Crowe (456) Pakistan Wasim Akram (18)
1996 Sri Lanka Arjuna Ranatunga Sri Lanka Aravinda de Silva Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya India Sachin Tendulkar (523) India Anil Kumble (15)
1999 Australia Steve Waugh Australia Shane Warne South Africa Lance Klusener India Rahul Dravid (461) New Zealand Geoff Allott /
Australia Shane Warne (20)
2003 Australia Ricky Ponting Australia Ricky Ponting India Sachin Tendulkar India Sachin Tendulkar (673) Sri Lanka Chaminda Vaas (23)
2007 Australia Ricky Ponting Australia Adam Gilchrist Australia Glenn McGrath Australia Matthew Hayden (659) Australia Glenn McGrath (26)
2011 India Mahendra Singh Dhoni India Mahendra Singh Dhoni India Yuvraj Singh Sri Lanka Tillakaratne Dilshan (500) Pakistan Shahid Afridi /
India Zaheer Khan (21)
2015 Australia Michael Clarke Australia James Faulkner Australia Mitchell Starc New Zealand Martin Guptill (547) Australia Mitchell Starc /
New Zealand Trent Boult (22)
2019 England Eoin Morgan England Ben Stokes New Zealand Kane Williamson India Rohit Sharma (648) Australia Mitchell Starc (27)
2023 Australia Pat Cummins Australia Travis Head India Virat Kohli India Virat Kohli (765) India Mohammed Shami (24)

See also

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Sources

External links